Mälzer, Kurt, born 02-08-1894 in Altenstadt, joined the Army as a Fahnenjunker in the 19th Train Battalion, age 19, on 08-05-1914 and was in the fields of the first war with this battalion. He remained in the new Reichswehr and entered the Luftwaffe Technical Academy in Berlin Gatow, on 01-01-1934. Josef Goebbels (did you know) was already Gauleiter of Berlin and he and his wife Magda committed suicide at the end after killing their children with poison in the Führerbunker, with the help of Dr. Ludwig Stumpfegger. SS-Obersturmbannführer, a German SS doctor and Adolf Hitler’s personal surgeon from 1944.
. When World War II started Mätzer was attached to the Staff of Air Fleet 2. Commander of Air Equipment Group with Air region Command Belgium and North France to September 1942 as a Generalmajor. Department Chief of LE 2 RLM to 20-09-1943 and in the Führer Reserve (see Adolf Hitler) (did you know) as a Generalleutnant now.
the youngest Generalleutnant in WWII, with 36, was Theodor Tolsdorff. In 1944, Mälzer was appointed the military commander of the city of Rome, under the overall command of Field Marshal Albert Kesselring Under his authority, Mälzer commanded not only the garrison Wehrmacht troops in Rome itself, but also indirectly the SS security forces assigned to maintain order in the city, although these troops were nominally under the authority of the SS and Police Leader of the region, SS Gruppenführer Wilhelm Harster. Harster was twice convicted of war crimes, by the Netherlands and later by West Germany. He had been employed by the government of Bavaria as a civil servant and was let go with a full pension after a public outcry. He died old age 87, on 25-12-1991. General Mälzer is perhaps best known as the highest ranking individual in Rome directly associated with the Ardeatine massacre. The Fosse Ardeatine massacre was a mass execution carried out in Rome on 24-03-1944 by German occupation troops during World War II as a reprisal for a partisan attack conducted on the previous day in central Rome. Mälzer, under orders from Adolf Hitler, ordered the massacre which was then planned and carried out by the SS under SS Obersturmführer, the head of German police and security services in Rome, Herbert Kappler. Kappler died in Soltau, age 70, on 09-02-1978.
Herbert Kappler. The Fosse Ardeatine massacre was a mass execution carried out in Rome.
Death and burial ground of Mälzer, Kurt.
After the war, Mälzer was put on trial by the Allies and sentenced to death. His death sentence was later commuted to a prison term of 21 years in Werl prison. Mälzer died in prison, age 57, on 24-03-1952 and is buried on the cemetery of Werl, on the war grave section. He died under unexplained circumstances before his imminent release from the Werl prison. His funeral with military honors was held by the Association of German Soldiers, the German Red Cross, the Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten, the FDP and Den Falken with over 1,000 mourners.