Koppe, Wilhelm Karl Heinrich

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Koppe, Wilhelm Karl Heinrich, born 15-06-1896 in Hildesheim, Baden, fought in the first World War. During the interwar period, he pursued a career in trade and wholesale. He joined the Nazi Party  in 1930 NSDAP No:305584, the Sturmabteilung, SA in 1931 and the Schutzstaffel, SS in 1932, SS No:25958. Prior to World War II, he was a regional SS and SD commander in Münster, the Free city of Danzig, Dresden and Leipzig.  The German invasion of Poland took place in September 1939 and in October he became the Höhere SS and Polizei Führer in the Reichsgau Wartheland under the command of Arthur Greise, Gauleiter, Greiser was executed on 21-06-1946, age 49, in Poland.

 

            Arthur Greiser.                            Friedrich Krüger.

However, because of the confusing power struggle inside the Nazi organization where Adolf Hitler (did you know) divided and ruled via his changing favourites, he had the same power and responsibilities as Greiser. He had a very good relationship with SS Heinrich Himmler (did you know).  The newly appointed police commander was an active participant in the the implementation of Nazi racial ideals, and in November 1939 he declared that he would make Poznan, Posen, “free from Jews” after which he ordered numerous executions and deportations of Poles and the Polish Jews. He also participated in the Nazi euthanasia program as the overall commander of “special Detachment, Sonder Commando Lange, an SS squad which gassed 1558 patients from mental asylums at the Soldau concentration camp in the nearby Gau of East Prussia during Mai and June 1940. There was a Dr. Martin Franz Erwin Rudolf Lange  (18-04-1910 – 23-02-1945?) a prominent Nazi police official. He served as commander of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo) in Riga, Latvia. He attended the Wannsee Conference (see Reinhard Heydrich) (see Adolf Eichmann) (see Roland Freisler) (see Erich Neumann), and was largely responsible for implementing the extermination of Latvia’s Jewish population. Einatzgruppe A killed over 250.000 people in little less than six months. On 30-01-1942 Koppe

  was promoted to SS Obergruppenführer, and in October 1943 he replaced Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger, Krüger committed suicide in Austria, age 51, on 09-05-1945, Höhere SS and Polizei Führer in the General Government with headquarters in Krakow. He also held the position as state secretary on the issues of security in the General Government  and was involved in the operations of Chelmo extermination camp and Warsaw concentration camp as well as operations against the Polish resistance. He organized the execution of more than 30.000 Polish patients suffering from tuberculosis and ordered that all male relatives of identified resistance fighters should be executed and the rest of their family sent to concentrations camps (see Simon Wiesenthal  and (see Anne Frank), (see Ilse Koch) (see Josef Mengele). The Polish Secret State ordered his death, but an assassination attempt failed. He was wounded by Kedyw unit Battalion Parasol in “Operation Koppe” part of “Operation Heads” on 11-07-1944 in Krakow. With the Eastern Front approaching Poland, Koppe ordered all prisoners to be executed rather than freed by the Soviets. In 1945 Koppe went underground and assumed an alias, Lohmann his wife’s surname, and became s director of a chocolate factory in Bonn, Germany.

Death and burial ground of Koppe, Wilhelm.

  In 1960 he was arrested but released on bail on 19-04-1962. His trial opened in 1964, in Bonn. He was accused of being accessory to the mass murder of 145.000 people. The trial was adjourned due to Koppe’s ill health and in 1966 the Bonn Court decided not to presecute and Koppe was released for medical reasons. The German government refused a Polish request for extradition. Koppe died, age 79, on 02-07-1975, in Bad Godesberg. He is buried with his wife Käthe, born Lohmann, who died age 80, on 20-09-1980, on the Rungsdorf Cemetery in Bad Godesberg. Also buried on this cemetery are,

Generalleutnant der Artillerie, Kommandeur der Artillerieschule BerlinHelmut Huffmann
, General der Panzertruppe, Kommandierend des XLVI. Panzerkorps, Smilo von Lüttwitz, the Fregatten Kapitän  and commander U-Boot U 37, Victor Oehrn,  the Luftwaffe Ace, later Brigade General German Bundeswehr, Oberst and flyer ace Gustav Rödel and the Flotille Admiral, Kommandeur Kreuzer Admiral Scheer, Ernst Thienemann.

 

Cemetery location of Koppe, Wilhelm Karl Heinrich.

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