Mrugowsky, Joachim, born 15-08-1905 in Rathenow/Havel. Hygienist, Associate Professor, Medical Doctorate, Chief of Hygiene Institute of the Waffen-SS. Senior Hygienist at the Reich Physician SS, SS and Walfen SS Colonel Defendant in the Medical Trial, was the son of a general practitioner killed in September 1914 of World War I. He passed his school leaving examinations in March 1923. at the Real Gymnazium Rathenow and began his studies of natural sciences and medicine in Halle in 1925. He completed these in 1930-31 with a medical doctorate and a doctorate of natural sciences. as well as passing his medical board examinations. After a two-year internship, he became an assistant at the Hygiene Institute of the University of Halle. Joachim Mrugowsky finished his habilitation in the area of hygiene at the University of Berlin, in 1938, and in September 1944, was made an associate professor there. In 1930, Mrugowsky had been made the group leader of a local National Socialist German Students’ Association. On 01-03-1930 he joined the NSDAP (No. 210,049) and joined the SS , SS-nr.: 25 811 from 15-10-1931, where he achieved the rank of Oberst in both the General SS and the Waffen SS. From 1933 to 1935 Mrugowsky belonged to Department 18 of the Security Service in Halle and, in November 1934, received the ranking of SS Second Leutnant. In 1938, he was made a Oberst and promoted to the staff of the medical department of the SS Special Service Troops as well as the Medical Office of the Waffen SS. In 1940, Mrugowsky took part in the conquest of the Western European neighboring lands as the troop physician of an SS “Das Reich” Division hospital company. In 1941 he was appointed chief of the SS Operational Main Office Hygiene Institute of the Waffen SS and in 1943, Senior Hygienist and Office Chief III at the Reich Physician SS and Police With the exception of the aviation medicine experiments at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin
. , Joachim Mrugowsky was implicated in all of the non-volunteer human experiments conducted on concentration camp prisoners and prosecuted at the Nuremberg Medical Trial. He led, among other things, in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, the experiment of ammunition poisoned with Aconitine and the shooting of concentration camp prisoners with it. Two inmates were shot through the femur, but because they showed no toxicity, they stopped the experiment. The poisonous ammunition got stuck in the thighs of three prisoners. Mrugowsky recorded during their death: “The one poisoned tried in vain to vomit. In order to achieve this, he stuck four fingers of his hand deeply into his mouth up to the base joints. Nevertheless, no vomiting started. threw them down again, rolled their eyes, made senseless movements with their hands and arms. … Death occurred 121, 123 and 129 minutes after receiving the shot. ”
Death and burial ground of Mrugowsky, Joachim.
During the Doctors Trial, Mrugowsky was charged with war crimes, crimes against humanity and membership of a criminal organization (SS). He was condemned to death in August 1947, and executed-hanged, age 44, on 02-06-1948 in the Landsberg prison and buried with his collogues on the Landsberg Prison Spöttinger Cemetery next to other hanged war criminals, SS Standartenführer, Adjudant from Reichsführer Himmler, Rudolf Brandt, SS Obergruppenführer, Gauleiter and Reichsstatthalter (Reich Governor) of Mecklenburg, Karl Hildebrandt, SS Hauptscharfführer, head of the Crematoria of Auschwitz, Otto Moll, SS Brigadeführer, Kommandant of Einsatzgruppe B, Erich Naumann, the organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Action T4, Victor Brack, and SS Obergruppenführer, Oswald Pohl. All the bronze plates are removed from the crosses now, as the population of Landsberg protested against the mixed graveyard with murders and their victims.