Khrushchev, Nikita, born on 17-04-1894, into a family of peasants in the village of Kalinovka, Kursk region, Russian Empire. He was raised among agricultural and mining workers. He studied for only two years at grammar school as a child. After the Russian Revolution he joined the Red Army, then joined the Communist party in 1918 and made a career as a politician. He was active in the Russian revolution and Civil War, when the intellectual elite was brutally killed as well as the family of Nickolas
The Civil War continued for decades in a form of the “Great Terror” and repressions under Joseph Stalin
during the 1920s, 30s, 40s and 50s. Under orders from Moscow, Khrushchev participated in massive confiscations of food, crops, forage grains, and supplies, that left millions of peasants starving to death in famines of 1920s-30s. Some areas of Ukraine and Russia suffered so much that people later perceived WWII as liberation from the Soviet regime. In 1931 Khrushchev was promoted to Moscow, where he briefly studied at the Soviet Industrial Academy. In 1934 he became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and in 1935, the 1st
Secretary of the Moscow City Committee. In 1938 Khrushchev was appointed the 1st Secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party
and promoted to Politburo. During WWII Khrushchev was coordinating the defence of Ukraine, while his family was evacuated to Kuibyshev. In 1942-42 he was a political commissar during the battle of Stalingrad. There, frozen Nazi Armies were stopped and lost the battle to the Russian soldiers, who defended their land. Khrushchev was decorated and promoted in the Communist party. He was later a political commissar of the 1st
Ukrainian Front, where his deputy was Leonid Brezhnev,
he died age 75, on 10-11-1982. Khrushchev patronized Brezhnev, whom he knew since 1931. After the death of Joseph Stalin on 05-03-1953, and following the elimination of Stalin’s inner circle, Khrushchev became the leader of the Communist Party on 07-09-1953. He completed the takeover after the execution of his main rival Lavrenti Beria
Khrushchev’s second wife (though they were never officially married) was Ukrainian-born Nina Petrovna Kukharchuk, whom he met in 1922. His first wife
Euphrasinia, Yefrosinia, with whom he had two children, died of typhus. He later remarried Nina Petrovna Kukharchuk and had three more children, daughter Rada was born in 1929, son Sergei in 1935 and daughter Elena in 1937.
Death and burial ground of Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich.
After his death on 11-09-1971, age 77 of heart failure, Khrushchev was not buried officially like other Politburo members near the Kremlin. Instead, he was buried without an official ceremony at the Novodevichy Cemetery. Close by the graves of Ilya Ehrenburg
, Ukrainian writer and war-inciter, he came with the shout ”Kill the Germans”, Air Marshal, Ivan Mykytovych Kozhedub, Defender of Moscow
, Lev Dovator
, Field marschall and commander of the 3rd
Army, Pavel Rybalko, Agreement with the Germans in 1939
, Viacheslav Molotov
and Commanding General of the 1st
Shock Army, Vasily Kuznetsov
, they were the first to put their banner on the Reichstag.