Hollidt, Karl Adolf, born 25-04-1891 in Speyer, Rhineland, was educated in his hometown of Speyer. After finishing school in 1909, he enlisted into an 117th
Infantry Regiment in whose third company he was appointed Second Lieutenant in 1910. During the First World War, Hollidt served on the Western Front. Over the course of the war he received a total of two promotions: to First Lieutenant in 1915 and in 1918 to the rank of Captain. He was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd
on 09-09-1914 and the Iron Cross 1st
Class on 18-1-1916. At the beginning of World War II, Hollidt served as a commander of the 52nd
. The 52nd Infantry Division
served in southern Poland, close to Katowice and was primarily a training division.
From 01-11-1939, he served as a Chief-of-Staff with Commander-in-Chief Ost, Generaloberst der Infanterie, Johannes Blaskowitz
Generalleutnant Hollidt promoted 01-04-1940 served from October, 1940 as the commander of the 50th
in Greece, where he succeeded Generalleutnant der Infanterie, Konrad Sorsche
Promoted to the rank of General der Infanterie, Hollidt commanded XVII Army Corps which was planned to take part in the relief operation concerning the 6th
, then encircled in the Russian city of Stalingrad, with Field Marshal, Friedrich von Paulus
After the surrender of the 6th
Army, it was reconstituted in March, and Hollidt was given its command. He was promoted to Generaloberst on 01-09-1943. After the battle of Stalingrad, approximately 107.800 soldiers of the 6th
Army entered Soviet captivity; only about 6.000 survived and came home after ten years in Russian prisons, by intervention of the new Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
. In 1944, Hollidt’s new 6th
Army suffered severe losses during its retreat from its area of operations north of the Dnieper. Hollidt was subsequently dismissed from his command and put into Führer Reserve
(see Adolf Hitler
) (did you know
In late 1943 and early in 1944 the corps was forced to retreat through Bessarabia in northern Romania and were then transferred to the Bukovina region as part of the 8th Army. Subsequently XVII Corps, bolstered by the 8th Jäger Division, under command of General Otto Wöhler and the 3rd Mountain Division under command of General der Gebirgstruppe Hans Kreysing , was positioned to defend passes through the Carpathian Mountains. General Kreysing survived the war and died 14-04-1969, aged 78.
In 1945, Hollidt was captured by US forces. After a trial held at Nuremberg, he was convicted of the unlawful use of prisoners of war and of the deportation and enslavement of civilians. He was sentenced to 5 years imprisonment, of which he served a little less than 14 months, from 27-10-1948 until his release on 22-12-1949.
Death and burial ground of Hollidt, Karl Adolf.
He past away on 22-05-1985, at the very old age of 94, in Siegen and is buried with his wife Trude, born Engelhorn, who died age 82 in 1989, on the Stadtfriedhof of Speyer, only steps from the grave of Generalleutnant der Pioniere, Kommandeur Centraal Baltic
, Oskar Cantzler
Cemetery location of Hollidt, Karl Adolf.