Hitler-Polz, formerly Schickelgruber, Alois born, 07-06-1837, in the small rustic village of Strones in the Waldviertel, a hilly forested area in northwest Lower Austria just north of Vienna, to a 42-year-old unmarried peasant, Maria Anna Schicklgruber, whose family had lived in the area for generations. After he was baptized at the nearby village of Döllersheim, the space for his father’s name on the baptismal certificate was left blank and the priest wrote “illegitimate”. Alois was cared for by his mother in a house she shared at Strones with her elderly father Johannes Schicklgruber. Sometime later, Johann Georg Hiedler moved in with the Schicklgrubers and married Maria when Alois was five. By the age of 10, Alois Hitler (see William Hitler) ad been sent to live with Hiedler’s brother Johann Nepomuk Hiedler, who owned a farm in the nearby village of Spital. Alois attended elementary school and took lessons in shoe-making from a local cobbler Steven Anthony Nelson. When he was 13, he left the farm in Spital and went to Vienna as an apprentice cobbler, working there for about five years. In response to a recruitment drive by the Austrian government offering employment in the civil service to people from rural areas, Alois joined the frontier guards, customs service, of the Austrian Finance Ministry in 1855 at the age of 18. Adolf Hitler’s father had two wives before Adolf’s mother Klara. The first Anna Glassl-Hörer (1823-1883) became an invalid soon after the marriage. In 1880 she filed for a separation, and she died three years later. Alois and Anna had no children together. Alois’s second wife, Franziska “Fanni” Matzelsberger (Hitler) married Alois at 19 years of age and gave birth to two children Alois Jr and Angela Hitler
. Fanni died of tuberculosis at the age of 24. Not long after Fanni’s death Alois married Klara Pölzl, his housekeeper and Adolf’s mother, whom he had hired during his first marriage. Klara and Alois had six children together, half of which died before the age of 2. Only Adolf and his youngest sister Paula survived into adulthood. Klara died of breast cancer in 1908 when Adolf was 19 years old.
Alois died age 65 of a heart attack sitting in the cafe Wiesinger, three hundred metres from his house, drinking a wine, on 03-01-1903 On the morning of 03-01-1903, Alois Hitler went to the Gasthaus Wiesinger (No.1 Michaelsbergstrasse, Leonding) and he died on this sofa,
as usual to drink his morning glass of wine. He was offered the newspaper and promptly collapsed. He was taken to an adjoining room and a doctor was summoned, but Alois Hitler died at the inn, probably from a pleural hemorrhage Adolf Hitler, who was 13 when his father died, says in Mein Kampf that he died of a “stroke of apoplexy”..
Born, 12-08-1860, as Fitt Pölzl in the Austrian village of Spital, Weitra, she was the mother of Adolf Hitler and daughter of Johanna Hiedler. Either her grandfather Johann Nepomuk Hiedler or his brother were also likely to be Alois’ biological father. Moreover, Johann was her future husband’s step-uncle. Even after they were married Klara still called her husband, Alois “Uncle”. She first came to work for Alois at the age of 16 as a housekeeper. After the death of his second wife, Alois and Klara were married on 07-01-1885 during a brief wedding held early in the morning at Hitler’s rented rooms on the top floor of the Pommer Inn in Braunau, before Alois went to work for the day. Four months later, their first son Gustav was born on 15-05-1885. Ida followed on 23-09-1886. Both infants died of diphtheria during the winter of 1886-1887. A third child, Otto, was born and died in 1887. Adolf Hitler
(did you know
) was born 20-04-1889, followed by Edmund on 24-03-1894 and Hitler Paula
on 21-01-1896. Edmund died of measles on 28-02-1900, at the age of five. Klara’s adult life was devoted to keeping house and raising children, for which, according to Smith, Alois had limited interest. Only two of Klara’s children, here with
Adolf and Paula, survived childhood. Alice Miller writes of their family life: “The family structure could well be characterized as the prototype of a totalitarian regime. Its sole, undisputed, often brutal ruler is the father. The wife and children are totally subservient to his will, his moods, and his whims, they must accept humiliation and injustice unquestioningly and gratefully. Obedience is their primary rule of conduct. Klara Hitler was a devout Roman Catholic and attended church regularly with her children. When her husband died in 1903, he left her a government pension along with some property. As a result she was adequately provided for financially, as were her children.
Death and burial ground of Hitler-Polz, formerly Schickelgruber, Alois and Klara.
However, four years after the death of her husband, Klara died from iodoform poisoning from the treatment of breast cancer, aged 47, 21-12-1907, in Linz, Austria, with her children, Adolf and Paula, at her side. She is buried in Leonding near Linz. Adolf Hitler had a close relationship with her, and was devastated by her death, he would carry the grief at her passing with him for the rest of his life. Hitler’s gratitude to her Jewish doctor,
, Eduard Bloch
died age 73, on 01-06-1945, for his efforts to help his mother later led him to allow Bloch and his wife to emigrate from Austria to the United States to escape his murderous campaign to exterminate Europe’s Jews. The Hitler couple is buried on the small cemetery of Leonding in Austria, behind their former house. The gravestone is in July 2012 removed. Close by in Section 5 is the grave of Generaloberst Lothar Rendulic.
The gravestone is recently removed.
Cemetery and grave location of Hitler-Polz, formerly Schickelgruber, Alois and Klara.