Hitler – Hammitzsch, Angela Franziska Johanna.

Back to all people

-Medals

Hitler - Hammitzsch, Angela Franziska Johanna.
austriaWomanHitler’s confidants

Hitler – Hammitzsch, Angela Franziska Johanna, born 28-07-1883, in Braunau, Austria,  the second child of Alois Hitler Sr. Hitler-Polz, formerly Schickelgruber, Alois and Klara and his second wife, Franziska Matzelsberger. Angela’s mother died the following year in Ranshofen, on 10 -08-1884, age 23.

 

Angela  and her brother Alois Hitler, Jr  were brought up by their father and his third wife Klara Pölzl.  Her half-brother, Adolf Hitler,    was born six years after her and a  sister Paula Hitler Hitler, Paula  was born on 21-01-1896 , and they grew very lose. Angela is the only one of his siblings mentioned in Mein Kampf. 

Angela’s father Alois died 03-01-1903, after a heart attack, age 65 and her stepmother Klara died 21-12-1907, after treating for breast cancer by the jewish docter Dr. Eduard Bloch, leaving a small inheritance.    

On 14-09-1903 she married Leo Raubal (11 June 1879 – 10 August 1910), a junior tax inspector, and gave birth to a son, Leo

    von 12-10-1906. Leo a favorite of Hitler, was with the Luftwaffe during the war and died on 18-08-1977, age 70. On 04-06-1908, Angela gave birth to Geli Raubal

  and in 1910 to a second daughter, Elfriede  (Elfriede Maria Hochegger,   on 10-10-1910 and she married to Ernst, Hochegger died and age 82 on 24-09-1993). Angela’s husband died in 1910, only 31 years old..

She moved to Vienna after World War I. Actor Walter Langer’s   wartime report The Mind of Adolf Hitler,  an OSS profile of the Hitler family, paints a positive picture of Angela at this period, describing her as “rather a decent and industrious person”. It says she became manager of Mensa Academia Judaica , a boarding house for Jewish students, where she once defended those in her care against anti-Semitic rioters. According to Langer, “Some of our informants knew her during this time and report that in the student riots Angela defended the Jewish students from attack and on several occasions beat the Aryan students off the steps of the dining hall with a club. She is a rather large, strong peasant type of person who is well able to take an active part.”

Angela had heard nothing from Adolf for a decade when he re-established contact with her in 1919. In 1924, Adolf was confined in Landsberg; Angela made the trip from Vienna to visit him. In 1928, she and Geli moved to the Berghof at Obersalzberg near Berchtesgaden , where she became his housekeeper  and was later put in charge of the household at Hitler’s expanded retreat. Geli committed suicide on 18-09-1931, age 23.There were many rumors, since she was killed by a bullet fired from his pistol, a Walther, it was rumored that Hitler had shot her, or had ordered her to be shot, for infidelity or other reasons. As these rumours circulated, Hitler himself released a statement to the Münchener Post: It is untrue that I and my niece had a quarrel on Friday 18 September; it is untrue that I was violently opposed to my niece going to Vienna; it is untrue that my niece was engaged to someone in Vienna and I forbade it.

Angela continued to work for her half-brother after Geli’s death, but she strongly disapproved of Hitler’s relationship with Eva Braun. Angela Raubal wanted to make the Berghof a place of pilgrimage for the fans of the Fùhrer. When the neighbors complained about the many guests, Angela let them pick them up. She was on good terms with Hitler, but was able to shoot his mistress Eva Braun. Hitler chose Eva and put Angela aside and she had to leave the Berghof and went to Dresden..

On 18-02-1936, she married architect Professor Martin Hammitzsch  (22-05-1878 – 12-05-1945), who designed the famous Yenidze cigarette factory in Dresden, and who later became the Director of the State School of Building Construction in Dresden. Adolf Hitler then broke all contacts with her and was not present when she married the architect Martin Hammitzsch.

On 26-06-1936, the couple returned to Passau. When they visited the house at the Inn river, where Angela had lived as a child, they left an entry at the visitors’ book, and the local newspaper reported.

Hitler apparently disapproved of the marriage, and referred to his half-sister as “Frau Hammitzsch”. It seems, however, that Hitler re-established contact with her during World War II, because Angela remained his intermediary to the rest of the family with whom he did not want contact. In 1941, she sold her memoirs of her years with Hitler to the Eher-Verlag, which brought her 20,000 Reichsmark.

In spring 1945 – after the destruction of Dresden in the massive bomb attack of February 13/14 – Adolf Hitler moved Angela  to Berchtesgaden to avoid her being captured by the Soviets. Also he lent her and his younger sister Paula over 100,000 Reichsmark. In Hitler’s Last Will and Testament, he guaranteed Angela a pension of 1,000 Reichsmark monthly. It is uncertain if she ever received any payments. Her second husband committed suicide shortly after the final defeat of Germany, on 12-05-1945 near Oberwiesenthal) age 66..

Death and burial ground of Hitler, Hammitzsch Angela Franziska Johanna.

  

Hitler apparently had a low opinion of both his sisters’ intelligence, calling them “stupid geese”. Nevertheless, she spoke very highly of him even after the war, and claimed that neither her brother nor she herself had known anything about the Holocaust. Angela Hitler died of a stroke on 30-10-1949 in the city of Hanover, Germany.

Her son, Leo, had a son – Peter (b. 1931),  a retired engineer who lives in Linz, Austria. Angela’s daughter Elfriede married German lawyer Ernst Hochegger on 27-06-1937 in Düsseldorf; they had a son, Heiner Hochegger  (born in January 1945).

Angela Hitler is buried with her husband and  son Leo on the St. Barbara cemetery, in Linz, Austria.

Share on :

end