Hess, Rudolf was born, on 26-04-1894 five years after Hitler (see William Hitler
in Alexandria, Egypt,
the eldest of four children, to Fritz H. Hess, a prosperous German Lutheran importer/exporter from Bavaria, and Clara, born Münch. The family lived in luxury on the Egyptian coast, near Alexandria, and visited Germany often during the summers, allowing the Hess children to learn the German language and to absorb German culture. The family moved back to Germany in 1908, where Rudolf was subsequently enrolled in boarding school in Bad Godesberg, at the Evangelical School. After the war, the possessions of the Hess family in Egypt were confiscated by the British. Hess showed aptitude in science and mathematics, and expressed interest in becoming an astronomer. At the outbreak of World War I he enlisted in the 7th
Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment, became an infantry man and was awarded the Iron Cross, second class. He saw heavy action both on the Western Front, at Ypres and Verdun.
After the war the successful Hess family business collapsed and was taken over by the victorious Western allies. Hess went to Munich, and took a job at a textile importing firm. He joined the Freikorps. He also joined the Thule Society
, a right-wing völkischoccult-mystical organization. Bavaria was undergoing fierce infighting right after the war’s end, between right-wing groups and left-wing forces, some of which were Soviet-backed. After hearing Adolf Hitler (see Alois Hitler
(did you know
), a powerful orator, speak for the first time in May 1920 at a Munich rally, Hess became completely devoted to Hitler, and spent much of his time and effort for the next several years organizing for Hitler at the local level in Bavaria. Together with his girlfriend Ilse, Hess distributed posters and pamphlets for the party. He also participated in the fights between the supporters of the NSDAP and political opponents, especially the communists and socialists. He fervently battled with those who tried to violently disrupt Hitler’s meetings and speeches. Once Hess was hit by a beer mug, which left him with a gaping head wound. In 1922, Hess became a member of the Stürmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary battle group of the NSDAP. Hess joined the fledgling Nazi Party in 1920 as one of its first members. Hess introduced Karl Haushofer
to Hitler in the spring of 1921, following a rally at a beerhall. Haushofer and Hitler connected immediately on a personal level and Haushofer would become a close adviser to Hitler and assume prominence in Germany with Hitler’s rise. Eventually, Hess became the third-most powerful man in Germany, behind Hitler and Hermann Goering
(did you know
) (see Goering Fock
Soon after Hitler assumed dictatorial powers, beginning in early 1933, Hess was named “Deputy to the Fuhrer.” and had the nicknames “Fraulein Hess,” Miss Hess, “Fraulein Paula,” Miss Paula and “Black Emma.” He at first endorsed a laissez-faire attitude toward homosexuality, especially among his close associates. He at last under “pressure”, 33 years old, married the 27-year-old Ilse Pröhl
from Hanover, born 22-06-1900 and died old age 95 on 07-09-1995, on 20-12-1927 . The marriage with most the attention for Hitler who was a witness for Hess and the couple got one child, son Wolf Rudiger Hess
, on 18-11-1937 and Adolf Hitler was his godfather
. Wolf would die on 24-10-2001, age 63 and left behind his widow Andrea and their son Wolf Andrea Hess.
Ilse later complained that her life with him was much like that of a “convent schoolgirl.”
Hess also played a prominent part in the creation of the Nuremberg Laws in 1935. Hitler biographer described Hess’ political insight and abilities as somewhat limited Hitler appointed Hess as ‘Minister Without Portfolio. Hess was privately distressed by the war with the United Kingdom because he, influenced by his academic advisor, hoped that Britain would accept Germany as an ally. Hess may have hoped to score a diplomatic victory by sealing a peace between the Third Reich and Britain, to contact Douglas-Hamilton, 14th
Duke of Hamilton,
Hamilton died age 70 on 30-03-1973. It is known that Hess had been getting flying lessons in a personalized Messerschmitt aircraft and in the early stages of this preparation he was accompanied by Hitler’s personal pilot, SS Obergruppenführer, Hans Baur
On 10 May 1941, at about 6:00 P.M., Hess took off from Augsburg in a Messerschmitt Bf 110, and Hitler ordered the General of the Fighter Arm to stop him, Hess parachuted over Renfrewshire, Scotland on 10 May and landed, breaking his ankle, at Floors Farm near Eaglesham.
In a newsreel clip, farmhand David McLean
claims to have arrested Hess with his pitchfork. It appears that Hess believed the Duke of Hamilton to be an opponent of Winston Churchill
whom he held responsible for the outbreak of the war. Churchill sent Hess initially to the Tower of London
, making Hess the last, in the long line of prominent political prisoners, to be held in the 900 year-old fortress. Churchill gave orders that Hess was to be strictly isolated, but treated with dignity. He remained in the Tower until 20-05-1941. Hitler also stripped Hess of all of his party and state offices, and privately ordered him shot on sight if he ever returned to Germany. However, Adolf Hitler
did grant Hess’ wife a pension. Martin Bormann
succeeded Hess as deputy under a newly created title. Borman committed suicide after his escape together with Hitler’s pilot Hans Baur from the Führer Bunker, age 44, on 02-05-1945. Hess then became a defendant at the Nuremberg Trials of the International Military Tribunal
Death and burial ground of Hess, Rudolf Walter Richard.
On 17-08-1987, Hess died while under Four Power imprisonment at Spandau Prison in West Berlin, at the age of 93. He was found in a summer house in a garden located in a secure area of the prison with an electrical cord wrapped around his neck.
There were different versions of death: In an allied press release that had been prepared for a long time and that was published immediately afterwards, it was said that Hess had “died in prison”. More details were released the following day. Allegedly, the Soviet Union initially opposed this. The body was autopsied on the same day by British coroner James Cameron. The garden pavilion was burned down a few hours later; the prison later demolished.
Since 21-07-2011 the grave is removed on order of the Mayor
of Wünsiedel and the remains cremated and scattered on a