Goeth, Amon Leopold, also spoken Göth, born 12-11-1908 in Vienna in Austria-Hungary. In 1938 he married Anny Geiger. The couple got a son Peter in 1939. However, the child died for an unknown cause seven months later. Presumably, diphtheria was the wicked one. Later the couple got two more children. In 1940 their son Werner was born and in 1941 a girl Ingeborg. Goeth separated from his wife and started a relationship with Ruth Irene Kalder, with whom he got a daughter Monika.
Monika Goeth left her name later in Monika Hertwig ..
Already at the age of seventeen, Goeth joined a Nazi youth movement Party number 510764. Two years later, he became a member of a nationalist paramilitary organization. In 1930, at the age of twenty-two, he became a member of the SS, no 43673 and the Austrian Nazi party , then another statutory motion. The Austrian Nazi Party was declared illegal in Austria on 19-06-1933, so they set up operations in exile in Munich. From this base, Goeth smuggled radios and weapons into Austria and acted as a courier for the SS. He was arrested in October 1933 by the Austrian authorities but was released for lack of evidence in December 1933. He was again detained after the assassination of Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed Nazi coup attempt in July 1934. He escaped custody and fled to the SS training facility at Dachau, next to Dachau Concentration Camp.He climbed into the SS and quickly jumped through the various party rankings.
In August 1942, he moved from Vienna to Krakow in occupied Poland, where he became a function of concentration camps. In 1943, he was instructed to build a new camp at Plaszow, which he would lead afterwards. He received forced labor for this purpose. He developed through excessive alcohol consumption and lack of sleep into a true tyrant. Already during construction, Göth showed himself from his cruel side. In the construction of a paved road he had no concrete or asphalt, but Göth was creative. He did not find anything better than getting the burials of a neighboring Jewish cemetery and thereby establishing the access road.
One month later, the new camp was already ready. The ghetto of Krakow was evacuated and the survivors were sent to the new camp in Plaszöw. The brutal evacuation cost about two thousand people. During the operation, Goeth executed a large number of residents.
The balcony of the villa in Plaszöw from where Goeth prisoners dropped
The worst thing had yet to come, because Goeth carried a true terror in Plaszöw. Torture and murder were the order of the day. Not only the prisoners but also his staff constantly feared for their own lives.
Every day for some prisoners could be the last one. His two dogs Ralf and Rolf were trained to tear prisoners alive. But he left the work not only to his animals. Almost daily he killed several prisoners by hand. Arthur Kuhnreich a Holocaust survivor: “I saw Goeth set his dog on a Jewish prisoner. The dog tore the victim apart. When he did not move anymore, Goeth shot him”.
The reasons were often vague or absurd. He saw in his office a prisoner moving forward slowly or shaking power, took his gun and shot the victim from his window or balcony without pardon.
The stories of the few survivors do not bother. Thus, Poldek Pfefferberg , one of the Jews, who was also saved by industrial Oskar Schindler, and who died on 09-03-2001, aged 87, in Beverly Hills, testified: Goeth’s cruelty tarte all imagination. The longer he sat in the camp, the more he lost all humanity. He was ruthless and unpredictable. The testimony of Moshe Beijski here with Konrad Adenauer, another Schindler Jew, spoke volumes:
“One day, Goeth discovered that a group of prisoners had somehow eat fed food. He asked who the food came from. No one answered. Then Goeth cheated a young prisoner by the head.
When no one answered, he picked another man from the group and shot him down. Then someone called that he had smuggled the food. Everyone got a hundred whips. The victims had to count the battles out loud and if they made a mistake, the whole series started again.
A somewhat older man from the group had screamed and shouted loudly during the ramming. Afterwards, he was sent to Goeth to inform him that he had received his deserved punishment and thanked him for it. When the man turned back, Goeth shot him dead. ”
Also his staff was not safe at all. For example, a Jewish cook had to deny it one day because he had served the soup. Goeth burned his tongue and decided not to leave this unpunished. He immediately shot the cook. Also, two housekeepers, Helen Hirsch and Helen Jonas-Rosenzweig had to be denied often and were abused numerous times:
“As a survivor, I can tell you that we are all traumatized. Never had I believed that humans were capable of such abominations and horror. As soon as we saw him in the distance, everybody hid as soon as possible, even in the toilets or anywhere. I can not describe how bad people were afraid of him “(Helen Jonas-Rosenzweig)
Oskar Schindler was a rich industrialist with an email factory where cheap Jewish workers worked. About nine hundred Schindler Jews stayed in Plaszöw. It clicked between Schindler and Goeth. Why never became clear, but they had a lot of common sense. They were born in the same year, both Catholics were raised strictly and liked both of drink and women. Both Goeth and Schindl had a mistress.
From this good understanding, Schindler used to be “Jews” against the misery and grilling of the camp commander. In the face of economic reasons (the factory needed cheap Jewish labor) but, in fact, compassionate, Schindler bought Goeth with luxury goods from the black trade. In return, the camp commander promised that the ‘Schindler Jews’ would not happen. Schindler spent fortunes on the protection of his workers and eventually died without possessions.
In the meantime, Amon Göth went from evil to worse. He suffered from chronic sleep deprivation and committed himself to more excessive alcohol consumption. Göth eventually ran more drunk than sober by the camp.
On September 13-09-1944 he was deprived of his position because the SS summit found that he no longer functioned normally. One also accused him of the theft of Jewish possessions, which was strictly forbidden. All the objects of Jews in the camp came to the realm. Goeth, however, was known as extremely corrupt and constantly trapped property of prisoners. In his villa one found 80,000 national markets and the camp commander could not explain how he came in so much money.
Death and burial ground of Goeth, Amon Leopold.
In Austria, SS doctors examined him from head to toe and concluded that he was psychologically disturbed. He was seized in a sanatorium where American soldiers picked him in May 1945.
Amon Goeth had to account for his actions and appeared after the war before the Polish Supreme Court. During the process, Göth asked the chairman forgiveness for his actions, but it did not help. The Polish Supreme Court found Amon Goeth guilty of the death of tens of thousands of people. He was sentenced to death and hanged near the place of the former camp Plaszöw on 13-09-1946.
Goeth got the strap around his neck and spoke the last words ‘Heil Hitler’, after which the bench he held by soldiers was taken away. His body was cremated and spread ashes in the neighboring Vistula River.
Not only for the prisoners but also for his family his crimes were a drama. After all, his family was not aware of his atrocities in the camp. For example, Amon Goeth’s girlfriend Ruth Irene Kalder had always been very proud of him. Only after the war, they discovered his true nature and the truth behind Plaszow. Under the command of Amon Goeth, an estimated eight thousand Jews were killed in the camp. When she found out what Amon had spotted and she was a massacre, she was shocked. She never completely confronted the confrontation with the hard truth and eventually committed suicide in the 1980s of the twentieth century.
In 1993 Amon Goeth appeared as a character in Steven Spielberg’s sketchler ‘Schindler’s List’. It immediately meant his international breakthrough. He also received an Oscar nomination for best male accompaniment.
The film, however, shows only a fraction of the actual crimes of the infamous camp commander. For example, Goeth has shot down captives from his balcony. In another climbing scene, he carries a subordinate to shoot a Jewish woman. She tries to save herself and stammers: “I just did my job”, on which Goeth cynically replies, “And I do mine”. ‘Schindler’s List’ also shows the good understanding between camp commander and Oskar Schindler, who succeeds in saving hundreds of Jews.
The film also suggests a love relationship between Amon Goeth and his housekeeper Helen Hirsch, but historians are not sure whether that relationship really took place
An emotional meeting of Helen and her daughter, Vivian, with Monika Goeth at the site of the former camp , including the villa where Helen worked and where Goeth watched the Jews go to work, loaded his gun to shoot them at whim — Helen could tell when he was in the mood by the hat he put on — trained his dogs to rip them apart.
Amon Goeth’s remains were cremated and the ashes scattered in the Vistula River.