Gemmeker, Albert Konrad, born 23-09-1907 in Düsseldorf, followed a Police training in Duisburg, became a member of the NSDAP, on 01-05-1937, in 1938 he entered the Gestapo and joined the SS on 01-11-1940. On 25-08-1940 he came to the Netherlands as a civil servant in Den Hague and promoted to Oberstürmführer in 1942. He always considered the Jews people as Untermenschen, inferior people, and parasites and was a real Nazi and a career hunter. He saw the deportations of Jews as war necessity, “Kriegsnotwendig”. He became the commander of the hostage camp in St Michielsgestel and promoted to SS Oberstürmführer with the command of the Police Jews Transit Camp, in Westerbork.
In Juli 1942 this camp was used as transit camp for Jews on their way to the destruction camps in Poland. He led the camp very strict and organized. From October 1942 until April 1945 he was responsibly for the transport of about 80.000 Jewish people, as well the family of Anne Frank (see Simon Wiesenthal
). He allowed the prisoners sport, music and cabaret performances, all with a smile, but one day he shot at a prisoner who came too close to the gate. The last deportation from Westerbork was on 13-09-1944 and the girl in the door opening is the 9 years old Sinti girl Anne Maria “Settela” Steinbach
from my hometown of Eindhoven, a famous picture, she died in the gas chamber of Auschwitz. SS Hauptsturmführer, Josef Mengele
infamous for performing human experiments on camp inmates in Auschwitz, including children, for which Mengele was called the “Angel of Death”.
Gemmeker “escaped” the camp at last on 11-04-1945 to Amsterdam and the camp became liberated by the Canadians, but Gemmeker had already left to Amsterdam, where he worked” innocent” as an administration leader fort Jewish immigration. With the liberation of the Netherlands (see About
) (see Jack Brook
) Jack put first steps on Dutch soil, Gemmeker was captured with his colleagues and in a prison in Assen for interrogations. He was transferred to his own camp of Westerbork, now a internment camp for NSB members, collaborators and Germans. The trial in Assen condemned him to 12 years in prison, but later in January 1949, he became 10 years, because of his “good” behaviour as commander and too little evidence for mass murder. He always denied to have known of the mass murders in the concentration camps. Anne Frank
and her family, father, mother and sister Margo, were integrated in Westerbork too, before leaving to Bergen Belsen, where they starved, father Otto Frank survived, he died old age 91, on 19-08-1980,
remarried in Bazel, Switzerland.
Death and burial ground of Gemmeker, Albert Konrad.
Gemmeker was in prison only for six years and went to Düsseldorf and lived with his conscience. Gemmeker died in 1982, at the age of 75 and is buried on the Nordfriedhof of Düsseldorf. Close by are the graves of different “famous” WW II personalities, Generalmajor der Infanterie, Kommandeur der 271th Volkgrenadier Division
, Martin Bieber,
Hitler’s Press Chief, Otto Dietrich
, Generalmajor der Flieger, Kommandeur 7th Flak Division
, Alfred Erhard
, Hitler’s favourite architects, Hermann Giesler
and Arno Breker
, Generalleutnant der Artillerie, Kommandeur der 526th Infanterie Division, Fritz Kühne
the diplomat in Paris, Ernst vom Rath
, killed in Paris by the Jewish boy Herschel Grynspan,
the occasion for Goebbels
to organize the Crystal Night in Germany, on 09-11-1938
. Grynszpan’s fate is unknown. However, he most probably did not survive the war. One report said he was executed in 1940 while Fritz Dahms, an official in the German Foreign Office, revealed that he had died just before the end of the World War II. Also buried there are General der Panzertruppe, Kommandeur 1st Panzer Division
, Walter Nehring
, SS Oberrgruppenführer, Höhere SS und Polizei Führer Nord
, Fritz Weitzel
and Generalleutnant der Fallschirmtruppe, Kommandeur 3rd Fallschirmjäger Division , Richard Schimpf
. The 3rd
division went into combat in June 1944 in Normandy. In August it was virtually destroyed in the area of Falaise. Formed again in Belgium thanks to replacements from 22nd
Luftwaffe Field Regiments
. During September 1944 it fought as a part of Kampfgruppe “Becker” in Arnhem area. It surrendered in April 1945 to American troops in Ruhr. Alas Gemmeker’s gravestone is removed since a few years, but his mortal remains still there.
Cemetery and grave location of Gemmeker, Albert Konrad.