Freyberg, Bernard Cyril 1st Baron “the Salamander”

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Freyberg, Bernard, born on 21-03-1889 in London, one months before Adolf Hitler  (did you know), was a British-born New Zealand Victoria Cross recipient and soldier who later served as the seventh Governor-General of New Zealand. A veteran of the Mexican Revolution, he became an officer in the British Army during the First World War. Freyberg was the first soldier on the beach during the Gallipoli Campaign  and the youngest General in the British Army during the First World War, later serving on the Western Front where he was decorated with the Victoria Cross. He liked to be in the thick of action, Winston Churchill  called him “the Salamander” due to his love of fire. During the Second World War, he commanded the New Zealand Expeditionary Force   in the Battle of Crete (see Bruno Bräuer , the North African Campaign and the Italian Campaign. Freyberg was involved in defeat in the Battle of Greece, defeated again as the Allied commander in the Battle of Crete and performed successfully commanding the New Zealand division in the North African, including the Battle of El Alamein. In Italy, he was defeated again at the Second Battle of Cassino as a corps commander, but later relieved Padua and Venice, and was first to enter Trieste, where he successfully confronted Josip Broz Tito‘s Partisans. By the end of the Second World War, Freyberg had spent ten and a half years fighting the Germans.

Death and burial ground of Freyberg, Bernard Cyril 1st Baron “the Salamander”.

 Freyberg died at Windsor, age 74, on 04-07-1963, following the rupture of one of his war wounds, and was buried in the churchyard of St Martha on the Hill near Guildford, Surrey.

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