Emmanuel III, the son of King Umberto I, born, 11-11-1869 in the Royal Palace Naples, Italy, the son of King Umberto I and his niece Margaret, both of the House of Savoy. He received military training. He was small in stature, taciturn, unpretentious and very interested in scientific research. He was especially interested in history and geography. He collected coins and published a work on the Italian mint (il Corpus Nummorum Italicorum). He also loved hunting and caring for flowers. Victor Emmanuel came to the throne when his father was assassinated at Monza in 1900. He was so small that he was nicknamed the ‘dwarf’ by Kaiser Willem II
. On the outbreak of the First World War, Victor Emmanuel agreed with his government that Italy should remain neutral. However, at a secret meeting held in England on 26-04-1915, representatives of the Italian government agreed to enter the war in return for financial help and the granting of land currently under the control of Austria-Hungary. After a series of riots in 1922, the king appointed Benito Mussolini as prime minister in an attempt to prevent a communist revolution in Italy. Mussolini headed a coalition of fascists and nationalists and parliamentary government continued until the murder of the socialist leader, Giacomo Matteotti in 1924. On 10-06-1924, Matteotti, age 39, disappeared from Rome. During a kidnap attempt, he was bundled into a car and stabbed several times with a carpenter’s file as he was struggling to escape. He was found near Riano, 20 miles from Rome, on 16-08-1924, after an extensive search. His body was found in a shallow grave three days later. During Mussolini’s period in power, Victor Emmanuel was created Emperor of Ethiopia (1936) and King of Albania (1939) and friendly with Adolf Hitler. In July 1943, faced with an Allied invasion, the king forced Benito Mussolini to resign. Victor Emmanuel withdrew from private life and hoped that the Italian people would accept his son, Umberto, as the new king. Victor Emmanuel here with Field Marshal Pietro Badoglio abdicated in May 1946, but his son was rejected in a referendum and Italy became a republic.
Death and burial ground of Emmanuel III, “the Little King” Victor.
Victor Emmanuel III, here with his wife Queen Elena , died 28-12-1947, aged 78, in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt in exile of pulmonary congestion and was buried at at the sanctuary of Vicoforte near Turin, and later interred to the Pantheon in Rome alongside those of Elena, that had been transferred two days earlier from Montpellier, France.. The grave picture is from Massimo Biolcati.