Ehrenburg, Ilya, born on 25-04-1897 Kiev, Ukraine, took part in revolutionary Bolshevik organizations. He was arrested in 1908 and in December of the same year he emigrated to Paris. From 1921 to 1924, Ehrenburg lived in Berlin and contributed to the Soviet press. During the National Revolutionary War of 1936–39 in Spain, Spanish Civil War, where he met the correspondent Ernst Hemingway
Ehrenburg was a war correspondent for Izvestiia. He criticized capitalism and bourgeois morality and 1940 he began work on the novel The Fall of Paris, which deals with the political, moral, and historical reasons for the defeat of France by the German forces in World War II. With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, Ehrenburg became widely known for his publicist writing. He exposed the policies and moral philosophy of fascism. Appealing to the conscience of nations he strengthened people’s belief in victory over fascism and their sacred feeling of hatred toward the enemy. Ehrenburg was active in war journalism throughout WWII. As a consequence, he is one of many Soviet writers, who have been by some accused of “lending their literary talents to the hate campaign” against Germans during World War II. His article “Kill” published in 1942 — when German troops were deeply within Soviet territory — became a widely publicized example of this campaign, along with the poem “Kill him!” Ehrenburg’s travel writing also had great resonance, as did to an arguably greater extent his autobiography People, Years, Life, which may be his best known and most discussed work. The Black Book, edited by him and Vassily Grossman, has special historical significance; detailing the genocide on Soviet citizens of Jewish ancestry, (see Anne Frank and (see Simon Wiesenthal) and (Adolf Eichmann) it is the first great documentary work on the Holocaust. His novel ‘The Thaw’ (1954) was the first in Russia to start to tell the truth about the Josef Stalin era.
Death and burial ground of Ehrenburg, Ilya Gregoryevich.
Ehrenburg died on 31-08-1967, at the age of 76, of prostate and bladder cancer, and was interred in Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow. Close by the graves of Nikita Krushchev, General Ivan Chernakhosky, Defender of Moscow, Lev Dovator, Russian Foreigh Minister 1942. Agreement with the Germans in 1939, Viacheslav Molotov, the Red Army’s 3rd Tank Army commander Generaloberst Pavel Semjonovich Rybalko, Air Marshal, Ivan Mykytovych Kozhedub and Commanding General of the 1st Belorussian’s 3rd Shock Army, Vasily Kuznetsov.