Christensen, Fred Joseph, nicknamed “Rat Top”, born 17-10-1921, of Norwegian immigrant parents Frederik and Ruth Christensen in Watertown, Massachusetts . His father worked as a machinist for Harvard University. Prior to World War II, he attended Boston University School of Music and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1942, Christensen joined the United States Army Air Forces as an aviation cadet and was commissioned in December 1942. After pursuit training, 2nd Lieutenant Christensen went to the Eighth Air Force in England in July 1943. Completing an operational training unit course at RAF Atcham to familiarize himself with the P-47 Thunderbolt fighter, he joined the 56th Fighter Group , based at RAF Halesworth, as a replacement pilot on 26-08-1943. Christensen was assigned to the 62nd Fighter Squadron, nicknamed “Spike War Dawgs” . He was credited with his first German aircraft shot down on 26-11-1943, a Messerschmitt Bf 110 near Papenburg, Germany. He was recognized as an ace on 11-02-1944, with the crediting of his fifth kill, a Bf 109. He continued to regularly shoot down German aircraft, scoring two kills on the first day of Big Week, another on a long-range bomber escort to Berlin on March 6, and four more in consecutive missions of March 15 and 16. Promoted to first lieutenant in February and captain in April, Christensen shot down his 16th aircraft on July 5, and also that day incurred the first battle damage of his tour. On July 7, leading the 62nd Fighter Squadron, Christensen was returning from a bomber escort mission and overflew Gardelegen Airfield , assessing it as a possible strafing target. Christensen noted numerous parked aircraft dispersed on the field, but then observed a flight of Junkers JU 52
transports in trail at very low altitude, approaching to land. Christensen dove on the landing pattern from 10.000 feet (3.000 m) and shot down the next-to-last transport with hits on the left side. He quickly overtook and fired at a second target, which burned and crashed. A third transport attempted to evade to the left, but he downed it with a deflection burst, setting its fuel tanks on fire. The German pilot attempted to land, but crashed short of the field. As Christensen maneuvered for a fourth interception, his engine quit from fuel starvation. Christensen switched tanks, air-started his engine, and barely 100 feet (30 m) off the ground, fixed another Ju 52 in his sights. He scored several hits, and in its attempt to evade, the transport flew into the ground. Christensen attacked a fifth airplane, observing strikes on its fuselage and wing root, and shot it down before it could land. He then destroyed a sixth Ju 52 to become an “ace in a day” in an engagement that had lasted less than two minutes. In all, 10 of the 12 transports were shot down by the 62nd Fighter Squadron. Christensen flew 107 combat sorties with the 56th Fighter Group and used five different aircraft to record his victories. Christensen’s 21.5 officially credited kills rank him 12th among all Army Air Forces aces, 7th among aces of the Eighth Air Force, and 5th among P-47 aces. Another famous US fighter ace was Lieutenant Colonel, Gregory “Pappy” Boyington
While in England, Christensen adopted a stray black cat and named it Sinbad. He is reputed to have taken Sinbad with him on missions, carrying him in the cockpit of his P-47 as both a good luck charm and inspiration to his fellow pilots, then bringing the cat to the United States as a pet in September 1944 after the end of his tour. A family anecdote held that a war correspondent covering the 56th FG tried to photograph the cat, which kept jumping all over packed parachutes. All of the pilots using the gear returned safely, contributing to his legend. Christensen became a member of the Massachusetts Air National Guard in 1947 and served as a full-time ANG pilot until 1961. He was base commander of the ANG base at Logan International Airport between 1948 and 1961, then joined the Air Force Reserve at Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts. Christensen retired from military duty in 1970 with the rank of colonel.
Death and burial ground of Christensen, Fred Joseph Chris “Rat Top”.
Christensen resided in Wayland, Massachusetts, was a jazz musician on both the piano and clarinet, and was a member of the American Fighter Aces Association, the Massachusetts Aviation Historical Society, and the Order of Daedalians in addition to several veterans groups. He died of complications from diabetes, age 84, on 04-04- 2006, at East Falmouth, Massachusetts. He is buried on Massachusetts National Cemetery, Bourne, Barnstable County.