Brereton, Lewis Hyde

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Brereton, Lewis Hyde, born on 21-06-1890 in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, was a military aviation pioneer and Lieutenant General in the United States Air Force . A 1911 graduate of the United States Naval Academy , he began his military career as a United States Army officer in the Coast Artillery Corps prior to World War I, but spent the remainder of his service as a career aviator. He went overseas in October 1917 and the following March was placed in command of the 12th Aero Squadron ,  one of the first American flying units on the front. During this time he carried out extensive operations in both the Toul and Luneville sectors. After the armistice, he was appointed Chief of Staff, Third Army Air Service, under Pershing, Pershing died on 15-11-1948, on 19-11-1918,
   
Upon the outbreak of World War II, he commanded the Far East Air Force. In October 1943, he relinquished this command serving thereafter as Commanding General of the Ninth Air Force in the European theater. Brereton was promoted to Lieutenant General in April 1944, as his units began a campaign of planned attacks against airfields, railway centers and rolling stock, coastal batteries, and bridges in France preparatory   to Operation Overlord , the invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, under Dwight “Ike” Eisenhower. In August 1944, he was assigned to command the First Allied Airborne Army . Brereton and was appointed 02-08-1944, as commander of the “Combined Airborne Headquarters”, reporting directly to SHAEF . He was an important commander during the Operations “ Market Garden “, Maxwell Davenport Taylor‘s
    101 Airborne “The Screaming Eagles” warriors, liberated my hometown of Eindhoven  and Operation “ Varsity “, as Omar “Brad” Bradley‘s army crossed the river Rhine. He was physically described early in World War II as “5-06”, “stocky build”, “brown-eyed”, “black-haired”, and “raspy-voiced”. His personality characteristics were said to be “cool and thoughtful”, able to “think rapidly on his feet”, with a “quick, analytical mind”. However he was also said to have an “appropriate temper” and “able to swear in three or four languages”, a “party-loving streak”, and when referring to himself, to use the third person.

Death and burial ground of Brereton, Lewis Hyde.

Lieutenant General Lewis Brereton died at the age of 76, on 01-08-1967.
 Portrait of Lieutenant-General Lewis Hyde Brereton  Photograph of Lt. General Lewis Brereton in uniform  He is buried on Arlington National Cemetery, Section 7. Close by in Section 7, the Air Corps Lieutenant General., Head of the American Air Force, Frank Andrews. Close by in Section 7, the Major General, Commander 35th Division “Sante Fe Division” , Paul Baade, General, Chief of Staff of Sixth Army “Alamo Force” , George Decker, General, Commander 85th Infantry Division “Custer” , Wade “Ham” Haislip, Brigadier General, Commander U.S. Marine Corps , Lemuel Shepherd Jr. and General, Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, John Hull.
           

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