Braune, Dr. Werner, born 11-04-1909 in Mehrstedt, Thüringen was a SS Standartenführer
and assigned to Einsatzkommando 11 B, from October 1940 until 01-09-1942. SS-Standartenführer Werner Braune received his law degree at the University of Jena in July 1932 and in 1933 was awarded the degree of Doctor of Juridical Science
. He joined the SS in November 1934 and in 1940 he became chief of the Gestapo
in Wesermünde, under Reinhard Heydrich
As chief of the Einsatzkommando 11B Braune knew of the Führer Order and executed it to the hilt. His defence is the general one of Superior Orders which avails Braune no more than it does anyone else who executes a criminal order with the zeal that Braune brought to the Führer Order. Various reports implicate Braune and his command in the sordid business of illegal killings.
He was transferred to the German Security Service, SD
in Halle, following the SD in Oslo. He was arrested and put on trial by an American military tribunal at Nuremberg on charges of ordering and participating in the mass execution of Russian Jews and POWs, the Einsatzgruppen. Braune was convicted on 10-04-1948 of war crimes and sentenced to death by hanging. Clemency was refused on 31-01-1951 by US armed forces commander in Europe General, Deputy Chief of Staff, Bomb on Hiroshima, Thomas Roy Handy
Werner Braune was executed at Landsberg am Lech prison at the age of 42, on 07-06-1951. He is buried on the Plottinger cemetery of the prison in Landsberg next to the hanged war criminals, SS Standartenführer, Adjudant from Reichsführer Himmler, Rudolf Brandt
, SS Obergruppenführer, Karl Hildebrandt
, SS Hauptscharfführer, head of the Crematoria of Auschwitz, Otto Moll,
SS Brigadeführer, Kommandant of Einsatzgruppe B, Erich Naumann
the organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Action T4, Victor Brack
. Einsatzgruppen, “task forces”, deployment groups”; singular Einsatzgruppe; official full name Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD, were Schutzstaffel (SS) paramilitary death squads of Nazi Germany that were responsible for mass killings, primarily by shooting, during World War II.
The Einsatzgruppen had a leading role in the implementation of the Final Solution of the Jewish question, Die Endlösung der Judenfrage, in territories conquered by Nazi Germany. Almost all of the people they killed were civilians, beginning with the Polish intelligentsia and swiftly progressing to Soviet political commissars, Jews, and Gypsies throughout Eastern Europe. SS Obergruppenführer, Chef des SS Wirtschaftsamt, Oswald Pohl
and Leader of the Reichsforschungsamt, Wolfram Sievers
are buried here too. All the bronze plates are removed from the crosses now, after the population of Landsberg protested against the mixed graveyard with murders and their victims.