Braune, Dr. Werner, born 11-04-1909 in Mehrstedt, Thüringen. He became SS Standartenführer and assigned to Einsatzkommando 11 B, from October 1940 until 01-09-1942. Braune attended a type of German school known as a Gymnasium and graduated in 1929 with a diploma known as an abitur. He then studied jurisprudence at the universities of Jena, Bonn, and Munich. SS-Standartenführer Werner Braune received his law degree at the University of Jena in July 1932 and in 1933 was awarded the degree of Doctor of Juridical Science . On 01-07-1931, at the age of 22, and while still a student, Braune joined the Nazi Party and was assigned membership number 581,277. In November 1931, Braune became a member of the Nazi paramilitary organization known as the Sturmabteilung (SA) , sometimes called “stormtroopers” in English. He joined the SS in November 1934, nr 107,364 and in 1940 he became chief of the Gestapo in Wesermünde, under Reinhard Heydrich. As chief of the Einsatzkommando 11B Braune knew of the Führer Order and executed it to the hilt. Braune also had a younger brother, Obersturmbannführer Fritz Braune, serving in Einsatz Group C Einsatzkommando 4b. On 12-01-1973, Fritz Braune was sentenced by the Düsseldorf Regional Court to nine years in prison for participating in the killing of Soviet Jews and psychologically ill Ukrainians in Poltava, Artemowsk, Vinnitsa, Kirovograd and Gorlovka. He survived and died old age 96.
Werner Braune’s defence was the general one of Superior Orders which avails Braune no more than it does anyone else who executes a criminal order with the zeal that Braune brought to the Führer Order. Various reports implicate Braune and his command in the sordid business of illegal killings. He was transferred to the German Security Service, SD in Halle, following the SD in Oslo. He was arrested and put on trial by an American military tribunal at Nuremberg on charges of ordering and participating in the mass execution of Russian Jews and POWs, the Einsatzgruppen. Braune was convicted on 10-04-1948 of war crimes and sentenced to death by hanging. Clemency was refused on 31-01-1951 by US armed forces commander in Europe General, Deputy Chief of Staff, Bomb on Hiroshima, Thomas Roy Handy.
Death and burial ground of Braune, Dr. Werner.
Following the end of the war, Braune was indicted as a war criminal in the Einsatzgruppen trial that was held before the Nuremberg Military Tribunal. Braune’s only defense was that he was acting under superior orders, sometimes referred to as the “Nuremberg defense”. Werner Braune, age 42 shortly after midnight on 07-06-1951 he was executed by hanging at the Landsberg war criminals prison. He is buried on the Plottinger cemetery of the prison in Landsberg next to the hanged war criminals, SS Standartenführer, Adjudant from Reichsführer Himmler, Rudolf Brandt, SS Obergruppenführer, Karl Hildebrandt, SS Hauptscharfführer, head of the Crematoria of Auschwitz, Otto Moll, SS Brigadeführer, Kommandant of Einsatzgruppe B, Erich Naumann, the organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Action T4, Victor Brack. Einsatzgruppen, “task forces”, deployment groups”; singular Einsatzgruppe; official full name Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD, were Schutzstaffel (SS) paramilitary death squads of Nazi Germany that were responsible for mass killings, primarily by shooting, during World War II. The Einsatzgruppen had a leading role in the implementation of the Final Solution of the Jewish question, Die Endlösung der Judenfrage, in territories conquered by Nazi Germany. Almost all of the people they killed were civilians, beginning with the Polish intelligentsia and swiftly progressing to Soviet political commissars, Jews, and Gypsies throughout Eastern Europe. SS Obergruppenführer, Chef des SS Wirtschaftsamt, Oswald Pohl and Leader of the Reichsforschungsamt, Wolfram Sievers
are buried here too. All the bronze plates are removed from the crosses now, after the population of Landsberg protested against the mixed graveyard with murders and their victims.