Bilharz, Eugen, born on 06-08-1886 in Baden Baden, joined the Army on 01-10-1907, in the 105th Saxon Infantry Regiment . Throughout World War I, Bilharz is in different commands and ends World War I, as commander of the II Replacement Battalion of the 32nd Infantry Regiment. Bilharz also stayed in the Reichswehr and is Field Equipment Commander III in Berlin to 08-12-1940 in World War II. Commander of the Senior Field Equipment Staff in the North of France. Not a “fighting” General he landed in the Führer Reserve (see Adolf Hitler) (did you know), from 01-03-1944 until 29-06-1944. After the Invasion in Normandy , he is assigned as the Field Commander for briefing in the Military Command of France. Again in the Führer Reserve to 31-01-1945 and Bilharz is retired, age 58.
Death and burial ground of Bilharz, Eugen.
Living in Baden Baden, with fellow General der Infanterie, Kommandeur der XXV Korps, Dietrich von Choltitz
, General der Infanterie, the command of the L Army Corps, 31.03.1943, retired from the Wehrmacht, Herbert von Böckmann, Generalleutnant der Artillerie, Kommandeur der XXXXI Panzerkorps, Rudolf Holste, General der Luftnachrichtentruppe, Kommandeur Luftsignal Instruction Staff, Friedrich Fahnert and many more. Eugen Bilharz died at the age of 77, on 08-12-1963, in Baden Baden. He is buried on the Stadtfriedhof of Baden Baden, together with all the other. Not living in Baden Baden, but still buried there, is General Field Marshal der Artillerie, Friedrich Paulus “Der Lord” famous from the 6th Army Stalingrad defeat. Various scholars have estimated the Axis suffered from 500.000 to 850.000 casualties, killed, wounded, captured, among all branches of the German armed forces and its allies, many of them POWs who died in Soviet captivity between 1943 and 1955. Of the 91.000 German POWs taken at Stalingrad, 27.000 died within weeks and only 5-6.000 returned to Germany by 1955. The remainder of the POWs died in Soviet captivity.
On 02-02-1943, the organized resistance of Axis troops in Stalingrad ceased. Out of the 91.000 prisoners taken by the Soviets, 3.000 were Romanian. These were the survivors of the 20th Infantry Division , 1st Cavalry Division and “Colonel Voicu” Detachment. According to archival figures, the Red Army suffered a total of 1.129.619 total casualties; 478.741 personnel killed or missing and 650.878 wounded. These numbers are for the whole Don region; in the city itself 750.000 were killed, captured, or wounded. Anywhere from 25.000 to 40.000 Soviet civilians died in Stalingrad and its suburbs during a single week of aerial bombing by Luftflotte 4 as the German 4th Panzer and 6th Armies approached the city; the total number of civilians killed in the regions outside the city is unknown. In all, the battle resulted in an estimated total of 1.7-2 million Axis and Soviet casualties. It was the Luftflotte 4, which was responsible for the bombing campaign of Stalingrad, where ca. 40.000 civilians died.