Bertram, Oskar, born on 04-11-1890 in Gera, Thüringen, was accepted in the Army Service as an Officer Aspirant in the 59th Field Artillery Regiment, on 08-03-1911, at the age of 20. Bertram didn’t participate in World War I, was educated and remained in the 100.000 men new Reichswehr. At the beginning of World War II commander of Fortress Flak III . Than he was for one and a halve year, Officer Judge at the Reichs War Court, until the end of 1943. Again Field Commander, now of the Luftwaffe Transport and Motorised Units, until 31-12-1944. Bertram, not a battlefield warrior, retired already on 31-12-1944, age 54, but was still captured by the Soviets in prison until his release on 07-11-1955, eleven years later. The new Chancellor Konrad Adenauer gave his strains to get all the last German prisoners free, under them 5000 Stalingrad veterans, like Walter von Seydlitz- Kurzbach
General der Artillerie, Walter von Seydlitz Kurzbach was a leader in the forming under Soviet supervision of an anti-Nazi organization, the League of German Officers, Bund deutscher Offiziere and was made a member of the Communist-dominated National Committee Free Germany, Nationalkomitee Freies Deutschland. He was condemned by many of his fellow generals for his collaboration with the Soviet Union. He was sentenced to death in absentia by Hitler’s government. His idea of creating an anti-Nazi force of some 40,000 German POWs to be airlifted into Germany was never seriously considered, while in Germany his family was taken into Sippenhaft, detention for the crimes of a family member. Seydlitz was ultimately exploited by both Soviet and German propaganda: he was used by the former in broadcasts and literature to encourage German soldiers to surrender, while the latter cultivated the idea of “Seydlitz troops”. His figure in the German propaganda was largely equivalent to the one of Andrey Vlasov, a Russian Red Army General who collaborated with Nazi Germany.
Death and burial ground of Bertram, Oskar.
After his release Bertram lived in Wiesbaden with tens of other WW II Generals. Bertram died at the age of 74, on 12-08-1974 and is buried on the Nordfriedhof in Wiesbaden, between many old comrades, as the Generalleutnant der Infanterie, Kommandeur 170th Infanterie Division, Franz Bentivegni, General der Infanterie, Kommandeur der LXIII Heeresgruppe, Ernst Dehner, Generalleutnant der Kavallerie, Jurist Reichs Kriegsgericht, Friedrich Eberhardt, Generalleutant der Infanterie, Kommandeur der 172nd Division, Kurt Fischer, Generalleutnant der Infanterie, Commander of POW’s in area Wehrmacht Commander Eastern Territories, Victor Gaissert, Generalmajor der Artillerie, Kommandeur der Raketten Artillerie Truppe, Ernst Graewe, Generalleutnant der Flieger, Kommandeur Luftwaffe Versorgung, Friedrich Hanesse, Generalmajor der Flieger, Kommandeur der 4th Fallschirmjägerluftflotte , Battle for Stalingrad, Hans von Herudt von Rhode, General der Flieger, Erich von Keiser, Generalleutnant der Flieger, Leader of firing Commission with the Air Fleet Reich, in Wiesbaden, Erich Homberg, Generalmajor der Flieger, Commander of POW’s Military District III, Herbert Giese, Generaloberst der Infanterie, Kommandeur der 15th Division , D-Day, Hans von Salmuth, Generalmajor der Wehrmacht, Friedrich von Unger, Generalleutnant der Wehrmacht, Chef des Generalstabes vom Generalkommando XXXIII: Armeekorps, Bruno Uthmann, Generalmajor der Infanterie, Command of the X Army, Hanns Adolf Voigt, Generalmajor der Flieger, 8th Department der Luftwaffe, Horst Voigt-Ruscheweyh and Vice Admiral, Marineattaché, Ralf von Marwitz.