Ax, left with Demelhuber, stayed in Holland (see About) under the command General of the Waffen-SS “Niederlande” Commander, Carl-Maria Demelhuber, Demelhuber died 18-03-1988 at the old age of 91, . Demelhuber considered Ax as an excellent officer and promoted him to SS Obersturmbannführer on 09-11-1942 and to SS Standartenführer , on 09-11-1943, but had difficulties with his leadership abilities. On 21-12-1944 he was promoted to SS Oberführer . Demelehuber became the commander of the Command Staff of the East coast in Mecklenburg and Ax was his Chief of Staff. As commander of the 32nd SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadier-Division “30. Januar”, he is relieved by SS-Standartenführer, Joachim Richter, Richter died at the age of 73, on 19-03-1973 in Bad Arolsen and from March 1945 again relieved by SS Standartenführer, Hans Kempin , Kempin died at the age of 79, on 30-11-1992. He commanded the motley group of Latvians formed into ‘Lettische number 1’, (an SS volunteer division) to 15-02-1945. Ax was transferred to a course of higher Troop leaders, in Bad Wiessee, where he in Mai 1945, near Hochfilzen/Tirol landed in American captivity and first released on 08-05-1948.
On 30-01-1945 the 32. SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadier-Division took up defensive positions around Frankfurt (Oder) as part of the 5. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgskorps. When the attack of the 1st Belarusian front on the Seelöwen Heights started on 16-04-1945, the “30. Januar ”beaten back after a fierce defense. The retreat turned into a wild flight. The remnants of the division along with the 9th Army under command of Generaal der Infanterie Theodor Busse, were surrounded in the Halbe pocket and destroyed. Only a handful of survivors broke through the encirclement and surrendered to the Americans.
Total casualties amongst the Waffen-SS will probably never be known, but one estimate indicates that they suffered 180.000 dead, 400.000 wounded, and 40.000 missing. World War II casualties indicates that the Waffen-SS suffered 314.000 killed and missing, or 34.9 per cent. By comparison, the United States Army suffered 318.274 killed and missing in all theatres of the war. Ax was an exelent Staff Officer, but not not able to lead larger forces then battalions.
Death and burial ground of Ax, Adolf.