Alpers, Friedrich Ludwig Herbert “Fritz”.

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Alpers, Friedrich, born 25-03-1901 in Sonnenberg, the son of a teacher, he went to the Martino-Katharineum gymnasium in Braunschweig, which he finished with the abitur. From 13-05-1919 to 28-02-1920 he received training in the Reichswehr and was placed at the 2nd Squadron of the Ulanen Regiments 14. After this, Alpers was a member of the “Maerker Free Corps” from May 1919 to 01-03-1920, and took part in fighting in Saxony and Thuringia. He then studied law at the universities of Ruprecht-Karls, Ludwig Maximilians and Ernst-Moritz-Arndt. In 1921 Alpers became a member of the Corps Brunsviga Munich. joined the Reichswehr on 13-05-1919, in the II. Eskadron des Ulanen-Regiments.  In September 1929 he joined the NSDAP   number 132.812, then the SA and is SA leader in Braunschweig. Alpers, a great Adolf Hitler fan (did you know), is a SS member, from 01-02-1930, with number 6427, thus an “old comrades”.  He climbes the ranks in the SS smoothly, 1932 Sturmbannführer , 1933 Standartenführer  and 1943 Obergruppenführer . Since October 1930 he is a member of the Braunschweig . Alpers is twice suspended as SS leader because of use of violence as the Nazi’s in 1933  took the power in Germany. Next the command of the new 49th SS-Standarten “Braunschweig”,  where he worked with the disputed SS Obergruppenführer Friedrich August Jeckeln.
     Research from 2005 has shown that Paula Hitler
was not the innocent, unremarkable woman with the wrong brother that she was often mistaken for. The investigators discovered that Paula Hitler was engaged to Erwin Jekelius, a notorious Viennese doctor, who was responsible for the deaths of 4,000 mentally and physically disabled people. The wedding was canceled on the orders of Hitler, who considered it “undesirable” for his sister to marry. When Jekelius traveled to Berlin to ask Hitler for his sister’s hand in marriage, he was intercepted by the Gestapo en route. He was sent to the Eastern Front, where the Red Army captured him, after which he died in captivity on 03-02-1946, in Riga, Letland, age 51. There is evidence that Paula Hitler shared her brother’s German nationalist ideas, but she was never politically active.
From July-October 1941, the units under Jeckeln’s command participated in the massacre of the Jews across Ukraine. Upon the war’s conclusion, Jeckeln, along with other Nazis who served in the Riga military district, was captured by the Red Army and tried before a Soviet military court in Riga, Latvia from  26-01-1946, to 03-03-1946. Jeckeln and the other defendants were found guilty, sentenced to death and hanged at Riga. Alpres lost this position after an intern quarrel with Minister President Klagges and is qualified as sickly ambitious, insincere, not self employed, not purposeful, blind and an intriguer. Klagges  died old age 80, on 12-11-1971 in Bad Harzburg. Alpers in Braunschweig, as the commander of the SS Assistance Police, “famous” for his cruelty, was involved in the actions against the “Volksfreund” and Bond of the Stahlhelm . Alpers was also responsibly for the “Rieseberg” murders, as eleven men from this village were killed by a group under command of Alpers, an act of revenge against there former dissidents from before the taking over by the Nazis. In 1934 he was assigned as the “Gaujägermeister” region gamekeeper, by Reichsmarschall, Hermann Göring   and became from 01-11-1937 the Generalforstmeister position in the Reichsforstamt, the ministry of the Reich for wood and hunting. His headquarter was in the castle of Sacrow near Potsdam.
 With the start of World War II, he is commander of the Company Aufklärungs-Gruppe 22 and participates in the East Front battles in 1942. He, with SS Obergruppenführer Herbert Backe , both appointed by the man considered one of the main authors of key Nazi ideological creeds, including its racial theory, persecution of the Jews and Lebensraum, Alfred Rosenberg
is a planner of the hungry politic against the Russians civilians after the start of Operation Barbarossa.  SS Obergruppenführer Herbert Backe committed suicide by hanging himself in his prison cell on 06-04-1947, age 50.
  The intention was to bring all the food from Russia to Germany and to starve the conquerored people, hundred of thousands would die in all misery from hungry. Backe, cowardly, committed suicide in the Nuremberg prison, age 50, on 06-04-1947. In February 1944 he lay down all his offices and volonteered for the front. Alpers took over the command of the 1st Battalion of the 9th Fallschirm-Jäger-Regiment  at the Western Front. After the death of the Regiment commander Major Kurt Stephani,  , age 40, on 20-08-1944, who’s defence of Hill 192 at Normandy  merited his Iron Cross, Alpers on 21-08-1944  took over the command.

Death and burial ground of Alpers, Friedrich Ludwig Herbert “Fritz”.

  Finally in the hopeless battles near Mons in Belgium, he is severely wounded . Alpers, here with Hans Frank, Governor-General of the ‘General Government’ territory of occupied Poland.
  , a high decorated man, one of the most notorious disputed member of the Braunschweig NSDAP, committed also suicide in prison, at the age of 43, on 03-09-1944. Friedrich Alpers is buried on the large military cemetery of Lommel, in Belgium, with 39.000 graves the largest in West Europe, between many other SS members. The brother of General der Flieger, 1 Kommodore Jagd Geschwader 26 “Schlageter” Adolf Galland’s  2 brother Wilhem Galland  , also the Generalmajor der Kavallerie, Kommandant von Altengrabow, Konrad Czettrich und Neuhaus 3., Generalarzt, Wilhelm Dietrich 4., General der Infanterie, Kommandeur of the 89th Infanterie Division 5. Konrad Heinrichs  and  Military Replacement Inspector of Schleswig Holstein, Vize Admiral, 6. Robert Schall Emden are buried on this cemetery.
          1.                       2.                          3.                      4.                          5.                           6.
Adolf Galland’s brother Wilhelm  was killed in action on 17-08-1943, age 28, during the Schweinfurt-Regensburg mission, shot down in his Fw 190 A-6 (Werknummer 530125—factory number) 5 kilometres (3.1 miles) west of Maastricht. Unteroffizier Heinz Gomann, Galland’s wingman on this mission, had yelled out a warning too late. Galland disappeared after the first P-47 attack. His body, still in his aircraft, was found two months later north of Liège. II. Gruppe took off on a bomber intercept mission and engaged the B-17 bomber formation but the German aircraft were intercepted by escorting P-47 fighters from the 56th Fighter Group, USAAF, under command of Colonel Hubert “Hub” Zemke. It is assumed that Galland was shot down by the American fighter pilot Walker “Bud” Mahurin of the 56th Fighter Group. Wilhelm Galland was temporarily succeeded by Hauptmann Johannes Naumann   until Oberstleutnant Johannes “Hannes” Seifert took command on II. Gruppe on 9 September.
Unteroffizier Heinz Gomann on the right, was hit by a load of American .50’s. Gomann left his machine, hung on the tail for a moment, but was able to wiggle free. Heinz landed wounded near Genk. Colonel “Hub” Zemke survived the war and died 30-08-1994 (aged 80) in Oroville, California. Hauptmann Johannes Naumann also survived the war and died 22-03-2010 (aged 92) in Fürstenfeldbruck. Oberstleutnant Johannes “Hannes” Seifert  claimed a B-17 shot down northeast of Rheine. Four days later, during the second Schweinfurt raid, Seifert shot down a B-17 bomber from the 305th Bombardment Group, nicknamed “Can Do” , under command of Colonel Ernest H Lawson,     which lost 13 of its 16 aircraft, near Maastricht. On 25-11-1943, Seifert led 6. and 8. Staffel of JG 26 against the USAAF Lockheed P-38 Lightning fighters of the 55th Fighter Group over Lille. During combat, Seifert’s Fw 190 A-6 (Werknummer 470006—factory number) collided with a P-38, and crashed near La Couture, 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Estaires, killing both pilots. The American pilot, Lieutenant Manuel Aldecoa, age 25 over  Lille, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France,  bailed out but his parachute had failed to deploy properly and he fell to his death. Seifert however, never attempted to leave his Fw 190, his body was recovered from the wreckage. Posthumously, he was promoted to the rank of Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel)  Colonel Ernest H Lawson, was  killed in action when his aircraft took a direct flak hit over target, which knocked off the tail section, and the B-17 crashed at the Deutch Weift Factory, Norderel Strasse, Hamburg, Germany. The Bombardier survived and was taken as a POW.

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