Jackson, Robert, born 13-02-1892 in Spring Creek Township, Warren County, Pennsylvania and raised in Frewsburg, New York, Jackson graduated from Frewsburg High School in 1909. He passed the New York bar examination in 1913 at the age of 21 and set up practice in Jamestown, New York. Over the next 20 years, he became a very successful lawyer in New York State and, through bar association activities, a rising young lawyer nationally. Jackson was appointed to federal office by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
in 1934. Jackson was appointed Attorney General by Roosevelt in 1940, replacing Frank Murphy, Murphy
died at age 59 of coronary thrombosis during his sleep at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, on 19-07-1949. In 1945, President Harry Ship Truman
appointed Jackson, who took a leave of absence from the Supreme Court, to serve as U.S. chief of counsel for the prosecution of Nazi war criminals. He helped draft the London Charter of the International Military Tribunal, which created the legal basis for the Nuremberg Trials. He then served in Nuremberg, Germany, as United States chief prosecutor at the international Nuremberg trial.
Jackson pursued his prosecutorial role with a great deal of vigor (for instance, referring in arguments to Hermann Goering
(did you know
) (see Goering Peter
) as being “half militarist, half gangster”. His opening and closing arguments before the Nuremberg court are widely considered among the best speeches of the 20th
century. In the words of defendant, Minister of Armaments and War Production and Hitler’s favourite architect
, Albert Speer
: The trial began with the grand, devestating opening by the chief american prosecuter, Justice Robert H Jackson. But I took comfort from one sentence in it which accused the defendants of guilt for the regime’s crimes, but not the German people: However, his cross-examination skills were generally considered weak, and it was in fact British prosecutor David Maxwell-Fyfe, he died age 66, on 27-01-1966, in Sussex, who got the better of Goering (see Goering-Fock
) and (Emmy Sonnemann
) in cross-examination rather than Jackson, who was rebuked by the Tribunal for losing his temper during the proceedings.
Father Moritz Fuchs
served in the U.S. Army in Germany during and after World War II. At age 20, Fuchs served as a bodyguard for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson during the Nuremberg Trials. Fuchs was the only bodyguard assigned to Jackson and for 18 months, it was his job to protect him 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Death and burial ground of Jackson, Robert Houghwood.
Robert Jackson died in Washington, D.C., at the age of 62, on 09-10-1954 of heart failure and is buried on the Cemetery of Maple Grove, Frewsbury New York, in Section 30.