Hitler, Adolf was born at around 6:30 pm on 20-04-1889 at the Gasthof zum Pommer, in Braunau am Inn, Austria “Hungary,
the fourth of six children to Alois Hitler, then 51 and Klara Pölzl then 24 years old (see Hitler parents
). They had six children Gustav Hitler, born 10 May 1885, died of diphtheria on 08-12-1887 in Braunau am Inn, daughter Ida Hitler, born 23-09-1886, died of diphtheria 02-01-1888 in Braunau am Inn, Otto Hitler, born and died 1887 in Vienna, lived three days, Adolf Hitler, born 20-04-1889, committed suicide 30-04-1945), German dictator, Edmund Hitler, born 24-03-1894, Passau, died of measles, 28-02-1900, Leonding Paula Hitler, born 21-01-1896, died age 64, on 01-06-1960 (see Paula
), the last surviving member of Hitler’s immediate family. Adolf had also one stepsister Angela and a step brother Alois, children from Alois and Franziska “Fanni” Matzelsberger. (see Did you know
). Fanni Matzelsberger died in Ranshofen on 10-08-1884 at the age of 23.
Angela Gaubal Hammitzscher-Hitler died age 66, on 30-04-1949, in Hannover, she had two daughters Geli, born 1908 and Elfried born 1910 and a stepbrother Alois Hitler
. Hitler’s father, Alois Hitler, was an illegitimate child of Maria Anna Schicklgruber, so his paternity was not listed on his birth certificate; he bore his mother’s surname. In 1842, Johann Georg Hiedler married Maria and in 1876 Alois testified before a notary and three witnesses that Johann was his father. Despite this testimony, Alois’ paternity has been the subject of controversy. After receiving a “blackmail letter” from Hitler’s half nephew
William PatricK Hitler
threatening to reveal embarrassing information about Hitler’s family tree, Nazi Party lawyer Hans Frank
investigated and in his memoirs, claimed to have uncovered letters revealing that Alois’ mother was employed as a housekeeper for a Jewish family in Graz and that the family’s 19-year-old son, Leopold Frankenberger, fathered Alois. No evidence had, at that time, ever been produced to support Frank’s claim, and Frank himself said Hitler’s full Aryan blood was obvious. Frank’s claims were widely believed in the 1950s, but by the 1990s, were generally doubted by historians. No evidence of Leopold Frankenberger’s existence has been produced. Ian Kershaw dismissed the Frankenberger story as a “smear” by Hitler’s enemies, noting that all Jews had been expelled from Graz in the 15th
century and were not allowed to return until years after Alois’ birth. At age 39, Alois took the surname Hitler. Hitler was attached to his mother, though he had a troubled relationship with his father, who frequently beat him, especially in the years after Alois’ retirement and disappointing farming efforts. Mother Klara died of breast cancer on 21-12-1902, age 42, Adolf was 13 years old then and she was treated by dr. Eduard Bloch
a Jewish doctor. Dr. Bloch. The sixty-six year old Bloch wrote a letter to Hitler asking for help and was as a consequence put under special protection by the Gestapo. He was the only Jew in Linz with this status. He and his family got the opportunity to leave the country in time, with permission of Hitler, before the coming events against the Jewish people. In 1940 Bloch, the “Noble Jew”,
emigrated and lived in the Bronx, 2755 Creston Avenue, New York City but no longer practiced medicine because his medical degree was not recognized. He didn’t enjoy life not very long anymore as he died of stomach cancer at the age of 73 on 01-06-1945, barely a month after Hitler’s death. He is buried in Beth David Cemetery, Section D, Block 3, Elmont, New York.
Dr. Eduard Bloch. Beth Davis Cemetery.
As Klara’s oldest child Adolf, under the guidance of his legal guardian, the Mayor of Leonding, Josef Mayrhofer, took care of all of his mother’s personal unfinished business and paid all her debts with the estate left behind. Surviving documents show that the doctor bill outstanding was 300 kronen while the funeral and coffin, cost 370 kronen – an extremely large sum for a lower middle class family to pay. Adolf also gave a part of his inheritance to his stepsister since she and her husband agreed to take on the responsibility of raising the eleven year old Paula. He thanked neighbors for their help and even gave one of his best paintings to a couple who had showed particular loyalty during his mothers sickness. His legal guardian, Mayrhofer
father of six children, who died age 52 on 12-11-1939 in Ried, Austria, in a accident, found the young Hitler’s actions “laudable
Hitler made his confirmation and continued as a practicing Roman Catholic. Former Hitler adjutant, Gerhard Engel
wrote in his diary that in 1941, Hitler declared, I am now as before a Catholic and will always remain so. Despite public disapproval from Protestants, Albert Speer
later wrote that Hitler would remain a member of the Catholic Church and in fact, he remained in the Church until his suicide.
Hitler’s father Alois wanted his son to follow in his footsteps as an Austrian customs official, but influenced by his schoolteacher Leopold Poetsch,
a fervent pan-German. Poetsch despised the Habsburgs and forcefully argued that all ethnic Germans should be united by a single government. Like many Austro-Germans, Poetsch wanted to see the old empire break up and Austria join Germany. This became a huge source of conflict between Adolf and his father. Despite his son’s pleas to go to classical high school and become an artist, his father sent him to the Realschule in Linz, a technical high school of about 300 students, in September 1900, his only friend known then is August Kubizek ‘Gustl”. Leopold Poetsch died old age 88, on 16-10-1942. The two friends visited the Richard Wagner
and Winifred “Winnichen” Wagner
´s opera’s together often. Kubizek gave an interesting description: The charged emotionality of this music seemed to have served him as a means for self-hypnosis, while he found in its lush air of bourgeois luxury the necessary ingredients for escapist fantasy”. On the morning of 03-01-1903, Alois Hitler went to the Gasthaus Wiesinger (No.1 Michaelsbergstrasse, Leonding) and
he died on this sofa, as usual to drink his morning glass of wine. He was offered the newspaper and promptly collapsed. He was taken to an adjoining room and a doctor was summoned, but Alois Hitler died at the inn, probably from a pleural hemorrhage Adolf Hitler, who was 13 when his father died, says in Mein Kampf that he died of a “stroke of apoplexy”.
Living in Linz in 1905 Adolf and Gustl one day saw a nice girl in the street, Stefanie, walking with her mother and Adolf felt head over heels in love with the elegant eighteen years old girl. Too shy, he never spook too her but he observed her daily as a real obsession and this strange love lasted four years.
Hitler rebelled, and in Mein Kampf confessed to failing his first year in hopes that once his father saw “what little progress I was making at the technical school he would let me devote myself to the happiness I dreamed of.” Alois never relented, however and Hitler became even more bitter and rebellious. German Nationalism quickly became an obsession for Hitler, and a way to rebel against his father, who proudly served the Austrian government. Father Alois Hitler died of heart failure age 65, on 03-01-1903 and Adolf went his own way, age 14. Most people who lived along the German-Austrian border considered themselves German-Austrians, but Hitler expressed loyalty only to Germany. In defiance of the Austrian monarchy, and his father who continually expressed loyalty to it, Hitler and his young friends liked to use the German greeting “Heil”, and sing the German anthem “Deutschland über Alles” Dietrich Eckart
instead of the Austrian Imperial anthem. Hitler
served as a runner on the Western Front in France and Belgium in the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 16. He was a taciturn man, shy and a man on his own and only sent letters about his dog Fuchsl to his landlady, Mrs Popp, in Munich. He was crazy with dogs and would later have four sheepdogs, Prinz, Muckl, Wolf and Blondi. Fuchsel disappeared one day. His sergeant was Max Amann
and they experienced the major combats, including the First Battle of Ypres, the Battle of the Somme, the Battle of Arras and the Battle of Passchendaele, from distant. On 07-10-1916, near Bapaume, France, Hitler was wounded in the leg by a shell blast. Sent to convalesce near Berlin, he returned to his old unit by February 1917. Among the German wounded in the Ypres Salient in Belgium on 14-10-1918, is Corporal Adolf Hitler, temporarily blinded by a British gas shell
and evacuated to a German military hospital at Pasewalk, in Pomerania.
Hugo Gutmann (1880-1971)
was a German-Jewish veteran of World War I, who is famously known as Adolf Hitler’s superior officer during the war, as well as the man responsible for recommending Hitler for the award of the Iron Cross II Class on 02-12-1914, the Militair Verdienstkreuz III Class, on 17-01-1917, the Verwundetenabzeichen, Wounded Badge, on 18-05-1918 and the Iron Cross I Class on 04-08-1918. Gutman was imprisoned by the Gestapo in 1937 but after an appeal of his old comrades, not by Hitler, relieved, after which he emigrated to the USA.
On 17-05 1940 Hitler visited his former battlefield on the Western Front
The Treaty of Versailles, citing Germany’s responsibility for the war, stipulated that Germany relinquish several of its territories, demilitarization of the Rhineland, and imposed economic sanctions and levied reparations on the country. Many Germans perceived the treaty, especially Article 231 on the German responsibility for the war, as a humiliation, and its economic effects on the social and political conditions in Germany were later exploited by Hitler. He and his political allies used the signing of the treaty by the November Criminals as a reason to build up Germany. Hitler met Dietrich Eckart
, one of the early founders of the party and member of the occult Thule Society. Eckart became Hitler’s mentor, exchanging ideas with him, teaching him how to dress and speak, and introducing him to a wide range of people. Hitler thanked Eckart by paying tribute to him in the second volume of Mein Kampf
. To increase the party’s appeal, the party changed its name to the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or National Socialist German Workers Party. Hitler was discharged from the army in March 1920 and with his former superiors’ continued encouragement began participating full time in the party’s activities. By early 1921, Hitler was becoming highly effective at speaking in front of large crowds.
In February, Hitler spoke before a crowd of nearly six thousand in Munich. To publicize the meeting, he sent out two truckloads of party supporters to drive around with swastikas, cause a commotion and throw out leaflets, their first use of this tactic. A Hitler-Ludendorff-Putsch
was a failed attempt at revolution that occurred between the evening of 8 November and the early afternoon of 09-11-1923, when Hitler with the support of Generalquartiermeister, Erich Ludendorff
and other heads of the Kampfbund unsuccessfully tried to seize power in Munich, Bavaria. He landed in the Landsberg prison condemned to 5 years, but was released after 9 months again. He was treated well and was allowed to walk in the castle grounds, wear his own clothes and receive gifts. Officially there were restrictions on visitors but this did not apply to Hitler, and a steady flow of friends, party members and journalists spent long spells with him. He was even allowed to have visits from his pet Alsatian dog.
Christmas Eve 1937, Hitler and Krause sneaked out incognito together for a night in the city. Hitler was not recognized. Krause was reprimanded the following day by Reichsführer SS Himmler for allowing the escapade to go forward without reporting it. Through Krause’s statements after the war, Hitler’s daily routine became known. In the late morning, Krause would knock on the door and leave newspapers and messages outside Hitler’s room. Hitler, who slept in a night shirt would bath and shave himself. After getting dressed, Hitler would emerge from his bedroom for morning breakfast. For breakfast, Hitler often ate an apple, cheese, zwieback bread
and drank tea. Besides discretion, Krause had to pay attention to details, anticipating Hitler’s desires and whims. For example, Krause would have 5 or 6 movie films ready and available for Hitler to view at night. He stated that Hitler’s favorite actress was Greta Garbo
and recalled that he enjoyed the film, The Lives of an Bengal Lancer. In September 1939, during a front line inspection, Hitler requested from Krause a bottle of Fachinger mineral water. However, Krause had forgotten to bring it along. Hitler did not want to drink the local Polish water out of caution that it might be poisoned. Krause served Hitler regular water “falsely stating it was Fachinger”. Hitler quickly discovered the truth and dismissed Krause from his service as chief valet. SS Obersturmbannführer Heinz Linge
thereby became Krause’s successor as chief personal valet to Hitler until the end of the war, one of the last to leave the Führerbunker on 01-05-1945. Karl Wilhem Krause died old age 90 on 06-05-2001 and Greta Garbo died on 15-04-1990, age 84, in the Rogosin Institute in New York, as a result of pneumonia and renal failure and Heinz Linge died age 66 on 09-03-1980, age 66 in Bremen. Hitler’s NSDAP, now with the help of Joseph Goebbels
and Hermann Goering
and his threatening SA forces, became the main party in Germany. Adolf Hitler was like his later great opponent Ike Eisenhower
a fanatic Western books reader and the German Karl May, who never had been in the USA, was his favorite with the Winnetou-Old Shatterhand stories. He would read the books till the end, many times.
Adolf at last became the chancellor of Germany on 30-01-1933, he succeeded the last Weimer Republic cabinet of Franz “Fränzchen” von Papen and Kurt Schleicher. Hitler, convinced by the false information of Joachim von Ribbentrop and in special of his wife Annelies Ribbentrop-Henkell, that England would not risk a world war, enlarged Germany with the Rheinland, Austria, Sudetenland, Czechia and Poland and the worst war ever would start soon. Hitler would develop himself to a man without any mercy and even his insane second cousin Aloisia Veit, was put to death in the Schloss Hartheim.
A result of his against racial and mentally disabled, hatred. Former partner and engaged to Paula Hitler, but never married, Dr. Jekelius was head of the Am Steinhof Psychiatric Institution in Vienna, Psychiayrisches Krankenraus Der Stadt Wiem, Paula’s fiance was a willing executioner in the program of mass murder they called “euthanasia.” He sent over 4.000 patients inclusive Aloisea Veith, to the gas chambers. Hitler’s sister knew about it. Yet she still wanted to marry the doctor. She asked her brother’s permission. But only Hitler would decide who was part of the family. He had Paula’s fiance arrested, and sent to the Eastern front. Erwin Jekelius was taken prisoner by the Soviets. He died, age 46, in Soviet captivity in 1952.
Hitler himself, SS Obergruppenführer, SS Gruppenführer, Dr Karl Brandt
was his phycision who was hanged age 44 on 02-06-1948 in Landsberg, was not a healthy man, stomach problems, headaches, dizziness, severe bloating, abdominal spasms, belching and constipation. He was also a victim of coronary heart disease and hypertension, and later developed Parkinson’s disease. Dr. Theodore Morell was advised by the Nazi photographer and Hitler old friend, Heinrich Hoffmann
. Morell who died of a stroke, age 61 on 26-05-1948, in Tegernsee,
was well known in Germany for his unconventional treatments. He began treating Hitler with various commercial preparations, including a combination of vitamins and hydrolyzed E coli, called Multiflor. By April 1945, Hitler was taking 28 different pills a day, along with numerous injections, including many of glucose, every few hours and intravenous injections of me-methamphetamine almost every day. On 22-04-1945, about a week before committing suicide, Hitler dismissed Morell from the Führerbunker in Berlin, saying that he did not need any more medical help. After the Wannsee conference, the Wannsee Conference was a meeting of senior officials of the Nazi German regime, held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee on 20-01-1942. The purpose of the conference was to inform administrative leaders of Departments responsible for various policies relating to Jews that Reinhard Heydrich
had been appointed by SS Reichsführer, Heinrich “Reichsheini” Himmler
(did you know
) as the chief executor of the “Final solution to the Jewish question”. With the help of SS Obersturmführer, Adolf Eichmann
and Nazi jurist, Roland Freisler
he carried out the orders of Hitler to examinate the Jews and Gypsies in occupied Europe. Heinrich Hitler, nickname Heinz, born 14-03-1920, the son of Alois Hitler Jr. and his second wife Hedwig Heidemann and the half-nephew of Adolf. When World War I began, he joined the Wehrmacht and served on the Eastern front, where he was captured and died in prison in 1942. Unlike his half-brother Willaim Patrick, Heinz was a Nazi. He attended an elite Nazi military academy, the National Political Institutes of Education, Napola, in Ballestedt. Aspiring to be an officer, Heinz joined the Wehrmacht as a signals NCO with the 23rd
Potsdamer Artillery Regiment in 1941, and he participated in the invasion of the Soviet Union, Operation Barbarossa. On 10-01-1942, he was captured by Soviet forces and sent to the Moscow military prison Butyrka, where he died, aged 21, after several days of interrogation and torture.
Adolf Hitler’s first love was Stefanie but his first relation, when 37 years old, was Maria “Mimi” Reiter
, in 1923, a 16 years old schoolgirl, from Berchtesgaden. Then had a relation with his niece Geli Raubal. After Geli’s suicide in 1931, Hitler spent time and possibly was romantically involved with quarter-Jew Margarete “Gretl” Slezak, age 31.
She was an opera singer and actor and daughter of Leo Slezak, she died age 52, on 30-08-1953, in Rottach Egern. As a Richard Wagner
fan in his youth Hitler admired her in the role of Lohengrin. In 1929 he already met Eva Braun
) in the photographer shop of Heinrich Hoffman where she was employed, but hold her a little on the background. From the moment Hitler walked into the shop, she was in love and called him Adi. In a letter to her sister Gretl Eva Braun later wrote about the meeting: “I had stayed after closing time to straighten up several things and was standing on the ladder putting something away on the top shelf. Then I heard the door open and saw the boss come in with a somewhat older man carrying a felt hat in his hand. I tried to watch them without their noticing … When I came down off the ladder the boss introduced us. He said: Mr. Wolff, this is our little Miss Eva. Then Hoffmann sent me out to get some beer and sausages from the corner pub.” She described him to friends as a “gentleman of a certain age with a funny mustache, a light-coloured English overcoat, and carrying a big felt hat.
The daughter of Hoffmann, Henriette Hoffmann
Eva’s girlfriend later married the Hitler youth Führer Baldur von Schirach
. Eight women, all the same types, that are thought, possibly, to have been intimate with Hitler, attempted suicide: Mimi Reiter tried to hang herself 1928, Geli Raubal
died of a gun-shot with Hitler’s Walter pistol, 1931, Eva Braun tried suicide in 1932 with also a gun and 1935 with pills, before succeeding in 1945 with a cyanide pill, Frau Inge Ley, Renate Müller
, and Suzi Liptauer were all successful suicides, and Unity Mitford
attempted suicide in 1939 and died later of the wounds. After the death of Geli Raubal, who was also the housekeeper on the Berghof, she was succeeded by Rosa who went into Hitler’s service at the age of 15 in 1932 when she was Rosa Krautenbacher, later married, Mitterer.
My sister and I shared a room that was directly over Hitler’s. we could hear him crying after Geli’s suicide. Rosa’s sister Anni, a Hitler’s favourite, had worked as a cook at Hitler’s Berchtesgaden retreat, the Berghof, since the late 1920s and had advised Rosa to Hitler. When Hanni married with Herbert Doehring, a long time Hitler servants manager
Hitler was on the party.
Rosa rose at 6am every day and put on a red-green dirndl with a white apron. My first task was to feed his dogs – he had three German shepherds at the beginning called Wolf, Muck and Blondi.
After learning about the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler, by Oberst Claus Schenck von Stauffenberg
and where he hardly escaped, Eva Braun wrote to him, “From our first meeting I swore to follow you anywhere even unto death. I live only for your love.” The Russian, Americans and other Allied surrounded Germany closer and closer and the end was coming. Hitler stayed in the Führerbunker to die there he repaitedy told to everybody who wanted him to leave Berlin, like Hanna Reitsch
, SS Brigadeführer, Wilhelm Mohnke
and Fieldmarshal of the Flieger, Robert Ritter von Greim
, who came to the führerbunker only days before the end. Goering was replaced by von Greim. Hitler’s last appearances outside the bunker was on his 56th
birthday, 20-04-1945, as Arthur Axmann
presented him a group of decorated Hitler Youth members in the garden of the Reichkanzlei.
(see Hitler Boy Alfred Czech
and Hitler Boy Wilhelm “Willi” Hubner)
Eva went without permission from Berchtesgaden to Berlin and lived with her Adolf in the Führer bunker. General der Infanterie, Chef des Generalstabes Heeresgruppe S
, Theodore von Busse
and General der Panzertruppe, Kommandeur of the Twelfth Army, Walter Wenck
Army’s couldn’t protect Berlin anymore and on 30 April 1945, after intense street-to-street combat, Soviet troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellery. Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide; Eva by biting into a cyanide capsule, the cyanide capsule was already tried out on Hitler’s dog blondi by SS Obersturmführer, Dr Ludwig Stumpfegger
and Hitler by shooting himself with his Walther PPK 7.65 mm pistol Hitler had at various times in the past contemplated suicide, and the Walther was the same pistol that his niece, Geli Raubal had used in her suicide. Eva Braun was very fond of her two Scottish Terrier dogs named Negus and Stasi and they feature in her home movies. She usually kept them away from Hitler’s German shepherd, Blondi. The dog was killed by one of the entourage on 29-04-1945 when Hitler ordered that one of the cyanide capsules obtained for Braun and Hitler’s suicide the next day be tested on the dog.
and Blondi’s puppies were shot by Hitler’s dog handler, Feldwebel Fritz Tornow on 30 April.
The lifeless bodies of Hitler and Eva Braun were carried up the stairs, by SS Obersturmbannführer, Erich Kempka
his driver, SS Obergruppenführer, Otto Günsche
, his adjutant and Martin Bormann
and through the bunker’s emergency exit to the bombed-out garden behind the Reich Chancellery where they were placed in a bomb crater and doused with petrol. The Red Army advanced and the shelling continued. Later Harry Mengershoven a member of the Reichs Security Service filled in the graves and left.
Erich Kempka. Otto Gunsche.
Death and burial ground of Hitler, Adolf.
When the Russians captured the Chancellery, the tracing action under Oberst Iwan Klimenko, with Ivan Churakov in the presence of Lev Bezymenski
, discovered the graves in the garden and the remains of the bodies, digged out by the soldiers Derjabin and Zybotsjkin, and laid in two wooden ammunition boxes, were taken to the Russian headquarters in Plötzensee for autopsies by Dr. Faust Sjkarawski
Vice Admiral, Hans Erich Voss
had already identified Hitler and Eva Braun, the Goebbels couple and General Chief of the Army General Staff (OKH), Hans Krebs
, also laying in the garden after his suicide. The bodies were then buried near the SMERSH headquarters at hospital ground in Buch, near Berlin and later moved to a forest near Rathenow, not far from Stendal, to where the SMERSH unit had been transferred. As the Smersh headquarters were moved to Magdeburg, the bodies were buried behind the headquarters in the Westendstrass No 32, now Klausenerstrasse 23.
The corpses of Josef Goebbels and Magda Goebbels (see Magda Goebbels
) (see Harald Quandt
) (see Günther Quandt
) and their six children and General Krebs, on No 36, witnessed by Major Vasily Orliovsky. The burials were carried out by Colonel Vassili Gorbushin, the deputy chief of SMERSH in the Third Stock Army. A large garage then stood beside No 32, large enough to accommodate five cars, and it was equipped with an inspection pit to facilitate servicing. It was in this pit that Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun were buried.
When SMERSH or rather its post-war successor, the NKVD/KGB, vacated the properties in Westendstrasse, in 1970, KGB director Yuri Andropov, he died age 70, on 09-02-1984, authorized an operation to destroy the remains. On 04-04-1970, a Soviet KGB team with detailed burial charts secretly exhumed the wooden boxes. By 11 May 1945, the Soviets had already had Hitler’s dentist Hugo Blaschke
and his assistants Käthe Heusermann-Reis
and Fritz Echtmann
confirm the dential remains found were Hitler’s and Eva Braun’s. Fritz Echtmann
was the dental technician who did many dental bridges for Hitler and Braun. General Khristoforov said: “Hitler’s dental bridge is at the FSB archives, the fragment of skull at the state archives. These materials are the only documentary evidence of Hitler’s death.” The originality dental bridge is proved by DNA. Blaschke also told them that Hitler once insisted simple root-canal work was spread over eight days because he couldn’t stand the pain. On 04-04-1970, a Soviet KGB team, Wladimir Gumenjuk
Major Sergey Schirikow and Oberst Kawolenko, with detailed burial charts secretly exhumed five wooden boxes. Colonel Vassily Gorbushin gave her a small box that allegedly contained Hitler’s jawbones.
During the identification of the corpse, the Soviet team worked in top secret conditions. It consisted of only three people, Rzhevskaya being one of them. The remains from the boxes were taken to the vicinity of Schünebeck eleven kilometers away from Magdeburg thoroughly burned on the ground of a military bases with fuel and were mixed together until they turned into uniform mass, after which the ashes were thrown into the nearby river Ehle, a site river of the Elbe, ironical called the Schweinebrücke, Pig Bridge, Magdeburgerstrasse, West of Biederitz. Gumenjuk said later that they had posed as fishermen. No one was there 20 seconds and the job was done. It was just the last flight of the
Fuhrer. Remains of his skull
and teeth fragments
are kept in a shoe box in one of the Moscow museum.
General Voss indentifyng the bodies.
Burial place in the Westendstasse 32 in Magdeburg. Picture: Copyright After the Battle magazine.
Schweinebrücke, or Pig Bridge, over the river Ehle, near Biederitz.