Gabcik, Jozef

Back to all people

-Medals

czechoslowakiaAirborneResistance

Gabčík, Jozef was born 1912 in Poluvsie, part of Rajecké Teplice, Žilina district, Slovakia  He learned to be a farrier, as well as a blacksmith. He was also taught clock making at the village of Kostelec Nad Vltavou (Bohemia).  He was taught by local master blacksmith J. Kunike. He lived with the Kunike family in their house of which still stands together with the outbuilding and yard which was used as a smithy. The house is located some 50 meters down a small hill which leads from the village centre where the church stands. In 1927 so the school records show that he attended School in Business Studies at Kovarov near to Kostelec Nad Vltavou. The building which housed the school is today the Municipal Office. A marble plaque was erected in 2010, together with historical documents on the wall there. These documents were all placed there by the citizens of Kovarov. Jozef at one time was working at a chemical plant in Žilina until 1939. He fled Czechoslovakia during World War II for Great Britain, where he was trained as a paratrooper.  He became a rotmistr, UK Staff Sergeant, in rank. The Free Czechoslovaks, as he and other self-exiled Czechoslovaks were called, were stationed at Cholmondeley Castle near Malpas in Cheshire.

Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš   were airlifted along with seven soldiers from Czechoslovakia’s army-in-exile in the United Kingdom and two other groups named Silver A and Silver B (who had different missions) by a Royal Air Force  Halifax of No. 138 Squadron  into Czechoslovakia at 10pm on 28-12-1941. In Prague, they contacted several families and anti-Nazi organisations who helped them during the preparations for the assassination.

On 27-05-1942, at 10:30 AM, Reinhard Heydrich    (see Heydrich-von Osten, Lina Mathilde proceeded on his daily commute from his home in Panenské Břežany to Pragu Castle.

Gabčík and Kubiš waited at the tram stop on the curve near Bulovka Hospital in Prague 8-Libeň.  As Heydrich’s open-topped Mercedes-Benz neared the pair, Gabčík stepped in front of the vehicle, trying to open fire, but his Sten gun jammed. Heydrich ordered his driver, SS-Oberscharführer Johannes “Hans” Klein, to stop the car.  When Heydrich stood up to try to shoot Gabčík, Kubiš threw a modified anti-tank grenade  at the vehicle, and its fragments ripped through the car’s right-rear fender, embedding shrapnel and fibres from the upholstery into Heydrich’s body, even though the grenade failed to enter the car. Kubiš was also injured by the shrapnel. Heydrich, apparently unaware of his shrapnel injuries, got out of the car, returned fire and tried to chase Gabčík but soon collapsed. Klein, wounded, returned from his abortive attempt to chase Kubiš, and Heydrich ordered him to chase Gabčík. Klein was shot twice by Gabčík (who was now using his revolver) and wounded in the pursuit. The assassins were initially convinced that the attack had failed. Heydrich was rushed to Bulovka Hospital, where it was discovered that he was suffering from blood poisoning. There Heydrich went into shock, dying on the morning of 04-06-1942, age 38..

In the aftermath of the assassination of so-called “Heydrichiade,” a rigorous investigation was instigated. The investigation determined the assassination was planned and carried out by the Czech Resistance with assistance of the British. The oppression and persecution of the defiant Czechs reached its peak following the failure of Nazi soldiers to capture the assassins alive. More than 13,000 people were ultimately arrested and tortured, including the girlfriend of Jan Kubiš, Anna Malinová,  who died at Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp. First Lieutenant Adolf Opálka’s  aunt, Marie Opálková, was executed in Mauthausen on 24-10-1942. His father, Viktor Jarolím, was also killed. Among the unfortunate was the native of Kostelec nad Vltavou, JUDr. Jan Fleischmann. It was known locally that Josef visited Jan Fleischmann who was a friend in Kostelec and Vltavou before the assassination of Heydrich. After the assassination, the visit was found out as Karel Čurda

 dead paratroopers were carried out in front of the crypt, Karl Hermann Frank is beding over one of the corpses he had informed Gestapo and the Nazis arrested Jan Fleischmann and took him to Pankrác where he was tortured and finally executed. He also identified the bodies, was  a colleague and parachuted into the protectorate in 1942 as a member of the sabotage group Out Distance. Karel Curda   is known for his betrayal of the Czech and Slovak assassins of Heydrich in Praque through Operation Anthropoid. His rewards were 1.000.000 Reichsmarks and a new identity, “Karl Jerhot”. He married a German woman and spent the rest of the war as a Gestapo spy. After the war, Čurda was tracked down and arrested. When asked in court how he could betray his comrades, Čurda answered, “I think you would have done the same for 1 million marks.” Karel Čurda was found guilty of treason and hanged on  29-04-1947, age 35.

Death and burial ground of Gabcik, Jozef.

1282393_jozef-gabcik-jan-kubis-heydrich-atentat   1996962-img-haydrich (1) The Nazi officials in the Protectorate carried out an extensive search for the two men. Eventually, the Germans found them, along with other paratroopers, hiding in Cyril and Methodius Cathedral in Prague. However, after a six-hour gun battle, in which the Germans lost at least 14 killed and 21 wounded, Gabčík and the others, with the exception of Kubiš, who was seriously wounded by a grenade, 1b974f7335aa802c0aeca8a3fe36_w661_h540_gi-photo-557602 committed suicide before the Nazis could take them alive in the Church catacombs. Kubiš was wounded in the gun battle and died shortly after arrival at the hospital.

  clanok_foto_716

In this “child’s” grave at Ďáblice cemetery in Prague in 1942 were buried … parachutes and coveralls of the paratroopers from Anthropoid group.

The whole group was buried in a mass grave on the cemetery: Praha Ďáblice – northern part, in Praque. Radek Hroch from the Czech Republic sent me kindly the grave pictures with a new stone..

CIMG7063 (2)  

Cemetery location of Gabcik, Jozef.

Sort

Share on :

end