Born on 04-02-1906, in Breslau, Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a German Lutheran pastor, theologian and martyr. He was also a participant in the German reistance movement against Nazism and a founding member of the Confessing Church. Bonhoeffer was further harassed by the Nazi authorities as he was forbidden to speak in public and was required to regularly report his activities to the police in 1940. In 1941, he was forbidden to print or to publish. In the meantime, Bonhoeffer, an avowed pacifist and pastor, joined the Abwehr, a German military intelligence organization, which was also the center of the anti-Hitler (see Hitler) (did you know) resistance. Bonhoeffer advocated Hitler’s assassination and knew about various 1943 plots against Hitler through Dohnanyi, who was actively involved in the planning.
His involvement in plans by members of the Abwehr, Hans Oster (see Oster) and Wilhelm Canaris (see Canaris), to assassinate Adolf Hitler (see Hitler parents) resulted in his arrest in April 1943 and his subsequent execution by hanging in April 1945, in concentration camp Flossenbürg, 23 days before the Nazis’ surrender. His view of Christianity’s role in the secular world has become very influential. Bonhoeffer is buried at the age of 39, on the Dorotheenstädtischer und Friedrichswerder Friedhof in Berlin.