- Röhm, Ernst Julius
Hauptman der SA. “Night of the long knives”
- 28-11-1887, München.
- 01-07-1934, murdered, age 46, Munich.
München, Westfriedhof. Plot 59-Reihe 3-Grab 1.
Röhm, Ernst Julius
Ernst Röhm, born 28-11-1887 in Munich Germany, son to Emile and Julius Röhm his proud parents. A native of Munich Ernst served as an Oberleutnant with the 13th Infantry Regiment in the Bavarian army at the beginning of the first world war. In September of 1914 in Lorraine, France, Ernst was severely wounded to his face, he would carry the scars through out his lifetime, and it was some time later he was promoted to Hauptman. When the first world war ended in 1918 some bitter hard four years later with countless losses on both sides the allies won and the Germans were defeated, Ernst returned home to Munich where he was one of the senior members in Colonel von Epp's (see von Epp) Bayerisches Freikorps für den Grenzschutz Ost, formed at Ohrdruf in April 1919, which finally overturned the Red Republic in Munich by force of arms on 03-05-1919 upon he joined the Freikorps, which was one of the many private militias formed in Munich to combat the communism insurgent that had gained such strong support. Ernst became a well known man almost a legend in Munich at that time for keeping the communists in their places, He then met Adolf Hitler (see Adolf Hitler) (did you know) in 1919 where they became political allies and close friends. Hitler regarded Röhm as one of his best friends allowing him to address him as "Adolf" rather than "Mein Führer" as every one else did. In 1920 Ernst joined the National Socialist German Workers Party or NSDAP where he helped organize the Sturmabeitilung (SA) which was a political army mainly used for protecting party leadership and battling opponents such as the communist red front and was also used to terrorize Jews. Following the failed Beer Hall Putsch on 9 November 1923, Röhm, Hitler, General Erich Ludendorff (see Ludendorff), Lieutenant Colonel Kriebel, he died, age 65 on in Munich, and six others were tried in February 1924 on charges of treason. Röhm was found guilty and received one year and three months in prison. However, the sentence was suspended and he was granted a conditional discharge. Hitler was also found guilty and was sentenced to five years imprisonment, although he would only serve nine months Rohm had now become one of the main heads of the party second only to Hitler himself but with one flaw, which would be the weakness that many jealous members in the party would use against him that ended in a dreadful betrayal. Ernst Röhm was homosexual, he liked young men and preferred them to be Aryan mainly blonde and blue eyes this was an unfavourable flaw and was strongly disliked by certain other Nazi members who were jealous and yet afraid of Röhms close friendship with Hitler and strongly wanted him out of the way, they tried always to get rid of Ernst but each time Adolf dismissed the tales he was told until a cleverly forged document was handed to Hitler. In 1933 Adolf Hitler was elected chancellor of Germany therefore opening a dark chapter in history that would alter the future for generations to come. One year on from this in 1934 events occurred that would lead to the betrayal and untimely demise of Röhm and seal the fate for many others, A forged document was presented to Hitler stating that Röhm was involved in a revolt against the Nazi party and also named his co conspirators also in the SA, it also stated that the revolt was funded and planned by France. This document that had been presented to Hitler depicting Röhms alleged involvement in this revolt caused Hitler to plan his arrest. Rohm and several other SA men, (see Heines) had gone to the spa on the lake in Bad Weissee, Hotel Hanselbauer, their favorite spa in Bavaria and in the early hours Hitler along with the Gestapo raided it, Röhm was taken to prison the rest of the men in the spa were executed.
In the prison where Rohm was detained he was offered the chance to take his own life by Hitler to which Rohm refused and was executed by two SS officers in his cell, Kommandant of the Dachau concentration camp, Theodore Eicke (see Eicke) and SS-Obersturmbannführer Michael Lippert, Lippert died age 72, on 01-09-1969 in Wuppertal and is described as "filled with a dangerous and unrepentant fanaticism".
Lippert questioned in the cell.
Hitler named Victor Lutze (see Lutze) to replace Röhm as head of the SA. Hitler ordered him, as one prominent historian described it, to put an end to "homosexuality, debauchery, drunkenness, and high living" in the SA. A weak man, Lutze did little to assert the SA's independence in the coming years, and the SA lost its power in Germany. The regime had all of the decorative SA daggers ground to remove the name of Röhm from the blade, which was replaced with the words "Alles für Deutschland", Everything for Germany". The SA was later merged into the SS and Gestapo which were the secret police. The Night of the Long Knives sent a clear message to the public that even the most prominent Germans were not immune from arrest or even summary execution should the Nazi regime perceive them as a threat. Ernst Röhm is buried in a family grave on the Westfriedhof of Munich. Also buried there the killed SA leaders Edmund Heines (see Heines) and Johannes Schweighart (see Schweighart) and the grave of Hitler’s (see Adolf Hitler) pilot, Hans Baur (see Baur), the Generals Rudolf Trauch (see Trauch) and Josef Kammhuber (see Kammhuber). and the SA . .