Rudolf Diels, born on 16-12-1900 in Berghausen, Taunus, was a German politician and SS Oberführer. A protégé of Hermann Goering, Diels was in charge of the Gestapo from 1933 to 1934. During the Second World War there were 45.000 members of the Gestapo. However, it is estimated they also employed 160.000 agents and informers. He served in the Army during World War I and when Adolf Hitler (see Adolf) (did you know) (see Alois Hitler) (see parents) (see William Hitler) came to power, Diels was head of the Prussian Political Police in Berlin, Josef Goebbels (see Goebbels) was the Gauleiter of Berlin. Goering (see Hermann Goering) (did you know) was made minister for Prussia in 1933 and was impressed with Diels' work and new commitment to the Nazi party. Goering appointed him as chief of the new Prussian state police department. He was the main interrogator of Marinus van der Lubbe (see Lubbe) following the Reichstag fire of 27-02-1933. Diels soon attracted the attention of political rivals including Heinrich Himmler (see Himmler) and Reinhard Heydrich (see Heydrich). Effectively smeared, he narrowly avoided, helped of Goering, execution during the Night of the Long Knives, SA leaders Ernst Röhm (see Röhm), Edmund Heines (see Heines) and August Schneidhuber (see Schneidhuber)
was killed, fleeing his post for five weeks. When the German Army occupied countries they were accompanied by the Gestapo. When on foreign duties they wore civilian clothes or SS uniforms. They were responsible for rounding up communists, partisans and Jews and others who were considered to be a threat to German rule. The Gestapo quickly developed a reputation for using brutal interrogation methods in order to obtain confessions. Diels maintained his association with Goering, marrying a cousin of his protector. Goering saved him from prison on a number of occasions, notably once in 1940 when he declined to order the arrest of Jews and more vitally after the 20-07-1944. He presented an affidavit for the prosecution at the Nuremberg trials but was also summoned to testify by Goering's defense lawyer. He later served in the post-war government of Lower Saxony from 1950 and then in the Ministry of the Interior until his retirement in 1953. He died, at the age of 56, on 18-11-1957, following an accident, possible murdered, while hunting. He is buried with his family on the small cemetery of Berghausen, near Katzenelnbogen. The authorities of Berghausen were not so enthusiastic in the beginning to give me the grave location. Alas the gravestone is removed, not the one of his brother Hermann.